Irene Braithwaite

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BACKGROUND Studies exploring the effect of television viewing on obesity throughout childhood are conflicting. Most studies have been confined to single high-income countries. Our aim was to examine the association between television viewing habits and Body Mass Index (BMI) in adolescents and children in a multicentre worldwide sample. METHODS In the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether reported fast-food consumption over the previous year is associated with higher childhood or adolescent body mass index (BMI). DESIGN Secondary analysis from a multicentre, multicountry cross-sectional study (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children (ISAAC) Phase Three). SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
Background. A novel, micromobile foot compression device (MMC) has been developed to reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism associated with prolonged seated immobility. Objective. To compare the efficacy of the MMC with graduated compression stockings in augmenting lower limb venous blood flow. Patients/Methods. Twenty participants were randomised to(More)
BACKGROUND Patterns of inhaled β2-agonist therapy use during severe asthma exacerbations before hospital attendance are poorly understood. AIMS To assess β2-agonist use prior to hospital attendance. METHODS We undertook an exploratory post hoc analysis of data from a 6-month clinical trial of 303 patients randomised to combination budesonide/formoterol(More)
Serum periostin is a potential biomarker of response to therapies that target type 2 inflammation in asthma. The objectives of this study were to describe: 1) the distribution of serum periostin levels in adults with symptomatic airflow obstruction; 2) its relationship with other variables, including type 2 biomarkers; and 3) the effect of inhaled(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between venous thromboembolism and prolonged work- and computer-related seated immobility. DESIGN A case-control study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING Cases were 200 patients attending venous thromboembolism clinics with a history of deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism in the past six months, and controls were(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the likely enrolment rate of eligible participants into a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in which a within-cast intermittent pneumatic compression device using Jet Impulse Technology (IPC/JIT) is 1 of 3 possible interventions in a RCT for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the clinical setting of isolated lower limb(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Anti-pyretic treatment is recommended in the management of influenza infection. In animal models anti-pyretic treatment increases mortality from influenza. We investigated the effects of paracetamol on viral and clinical outcomes in adults with influenza infection. METHODS This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of topical 90% medical-grade kanuka honey and 10% glycerine (Honevo) as a treatment for rosacea. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial with blinded assessment of primary outcome variable. SETTING Outpatient primary healthcare population from 5 New Zealand sites. PARTICIPANTS 138 adults aged ≥ 16, with a diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated whether maternal smoking in the first year of life or any current parental smoking is associated with childhood or adolescent body mass index (BMI). METHODS Secondary analysis of data from a multi-centre, multi-country, cross-sectional study (ISAAC Phase Three). Parents/guardians of children aged 6-7 years completed(More)