Irena Pastuszak

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Trehalose is a nonreducing disaccharide in which the two glucose units are linked in an alpha,alpha-1,1-glycosidic linkage. This sugar is present in a wide variety of organisms, including bacteria, yeast, fungi, insects, invertebrates, and lower and higher plants, where it may serve as a source of energy and carbon. In yeast and plants, it may also serve as(More)
Glucosidase II was purified approximately 1700-fold to homogeneity from Triton X-100 extracts of mung bean microsomes. A single band with a molecular mass of 110 kDa was seen on sodium dodecyl sulfate gels. This band was susceptible to digestion by endoglucosaminidase H or peptide glycosidase F, and the change in mobility of the treated protein indicated(More)
We show that Mycobacterium smegmatis has an enzyme catalyzing transfer of maltose from [(14)C]maltose 1-phosphate to glycogen. This enzyme was purified 90-fold from crude extracts and characterized. Maltose transfer required addition of an acceptor. Liver, oyster, or mycobacterial glycogens were the best acceptors, whereas amylopectin had good activity, but(More)
Trehalose synthase (TreS) catalyzes the reversible interconversion of trehalose (glucosyl-alpha,alpha-1,1-glucose) and maltose (glucosyl-alpha1-4-glucose). TreS was purified from the cytosol of Mycobacterium smegmatis to give a single protein band on SDS gels with a molecular mass of approximately 68 kDa. However, active enzyme exhibited a molecular mass of(More)
Trehalose is a nonreducing disaccharide in which the two glucose units are linked in an a,a-1,1-glycosidic linkage. This sugar is present in a wide variety of organisms, including bacteria, yeast, fungi, insects, invertebrates, and lower and higher plants, where it may serve as a source of energy and carbon. In yeast and plants, it may also serve as a(More)
The enzyme that catalyzes the formation of GDP-L-fucose from GTP and beta-L-fucose-1-phosphate (i.e. GDP-beta-L-fucose pyrophosphorylase, GFPP) was purified about 560-fold from the cytosolic fraction of pig kidney. At this stage, there were still a number of protein bands on SDS gels, but only the 61-kDa band became specifically labeled with the(More)
Mannosidase II was purified from mung bean seedlings to apparent homogeneity by using a combination of techniques including DEAE-cellulose and hydroxyapatite chromatography, gel filtration, lectin affinity chromatography, and preparative gel electrophoresis. The release of radioactive mannose from GlcNAc[3H]Man5GlcNAc was linear with time and protein(More)
A new enzyme that phosphorylates GalNAc at position 1 to form GalNAc-alpha-1P was purified approximately 1275-fold from the cytosolic fraction of pig kidney, and the properties of the enzyme were determined. The kinase is quite specific for GalNAc as the phosphate acceptor and is inactive with GlcNAc, ManNAc, glucose, galactose, mannose, GalN, and GlcN.(More)
We previously reported the purification of a UDP-N-acetylhexosamine (UDP-HexNAc) pyrophosphorylase from pig liver that catalyzed the synthesis of both UDP-GlcNAc and UDP-GalNAc from UTP and the appropriate HexNAc-1-P (Szumilo, T., Zeng, Y., Pastuszak, I., Drake, R., Szumilo, H., and Elbein, A. D. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 13147-13154). Both sugar(More)
The pyrophosphorylase that condenses UTP and GlcNAc-1-P was purified 9500-fold to near homogeneity from the soluble fraction of pig liver extracts. At the final stage of purification, the enzyme was quite stable and could be kept for at least 4 months in the freezer with only slight loss of activity. On native gels, the purified enzyme showed a single(More)