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The mechanical stimuli resulting from weight loading play an important role in mature bone remodeling. However, the effect of weight loading on the developmental process in young bones is less well understood. In this work, chicks were loaded with bags weighing 10% of their body weight during their rapid growth phase. The increased load reduced the length(More)
Treatment of cultured cells with inhibitors of actomyosin contractility induces rapid deterioration of stress fibers, and disassembly of the associated focal adhesions (FAs). In this study, we show that treatment with the Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632, which blocks actomyosin contractility, induces disarray in the FA-associated actin bundles, followed by the(More)
The matrix proteins that participate in crystalization fulfill important functions during the formation of the calcified tissues and contribute to the biomechanical properties of the mature product. We suggest that osteopontin (OPN) is part of an array of macromolecules synthesized and secreted by the cells adjacent to the mineralization front that(More)
Comparison of RNA fingerprinting of the avian eggshell gland (ESG) without and with an egg revealed upregulation of a 382-bp cDNA fragment that showed high homology to the mammalian glypican 4 (GPC-4). The gene sequence revealed a conserved glypican signature, a glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol-anchorage site, and cystein residues, most of which were(More)
The regulated degradation of damaged or misfolded proteins, as well as down-regulation of key signaling proteins, within eukaryotic and bacterial cells is catalyzed primarily by large, ATP-dependent multimeric proteolytic complexes, termed proteasomes. Inhibition of proteasomal activity affects a wide variety of physiological and pathological processes, and(More)
Growth hormone receptor (GH-R) gene expression was evaluated in avian growth-plates in situ and in cultured chondrocytes. In the epiphyseal growth-plate, chondrocytes at different stages of differentiation located at the proliferative and upper hypertrophic zones express the GH-R gene. In culture, addition of ascorbic acid facilitated chondrocyte(More)
  • I Lavelin, N Meiri, O Genina, R Alexiev, M Pines
  • 2001
The avian eggshell gland (ESG) is a tissue specialized in transporting the Ca(2+) required for eggshell formation and represents a unique biological system in which the calcification process takes place in a circadian fashion. With the use of RNA fingerprinting, a set of genes differentially induced at the time of calcification was detected, one of which(More)
PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression was evaluated in situ in avian epiphyseal growth plates taken from normal, rachitic and tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) afflicted chicks induced by thiram or by genetic selection. In the normal growth plates, PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression was localized to the maturation zone as demonstrated by the expression of collagen(More)
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