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An increase in circulating catecholamine levels represents one of the mechanisms whereby organisms cope with stress. In the periphery, catecholamines mainly originate from the sympathoadrenal system. As we reported, in addition to the central control through cholinergic innervation, a local gap junction-delineated route between adrenal chromaffin cells(More)
We show here high levels of expression and secretion of the chemokine CXC ligand 5 (CXCL5) in the macrophage fraction of white adipose tissue (WAT). Moreover, we find that CXCL5 is dramatically increased in serum of human obese compared to lean subjects. Conversely, CXCL5 concentration is decreased in obese subjects after a weight reduction program, or in(More)
Inflammation and infection have long been known to affect the activity and expression of enzymes involved in hepatic and extrahepatic drug clearance. Significant advances have been made to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the complex cross-talk between inflammation and drug-metabolism alterations. The emergent role of ligand-activated(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) might not be permissive to ligand activation in prostate cancer cells. Association of PPARgamma with repressing factors or posttranslational modifications in PPARgamma protein could explain the lack of effect of PPARgamma ligands in a recent randomized clinical trial. Using cells and prostate(More)
CDK4-pRB-E2F1 cell-cycle regulators are robustly expressed in non-proliferating beta cells, suggesting that besides the control of beta-cell number the CDK4-pRB-E2F1 pathway has a role in beta-cell function. We show here that E2F1 directly regulates expression of Kir6.2, which is a key component of the K(ATP) channel involved in the regulation of(More)
Positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) phosphorylates the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II, facilitating transcriptional elongation. In addition to its participation in general transcription, P-TEFb is recruited to specific promoters by some transcription factors such as c-Myc or MyoD. The P-TEFb complex is composed of a cyclin-dependent(More)
In addition to their role in cell cycle progression, new data reveal an emerging role of D-type cyclins in transcriptional regulation and cellular differentiation processes. Using 3T3-L1 cell lines to study adipogenesis, we observed an up-regulation of cyclin D3 expression throughout the differentiation process. Surprisingly, cyclin D3 was only minimally(More)
Circulating free fatty acids are a reflection of the balance between lipogenesis and lipolysis that takes place mainly in adipose tissue. We found that mice deficient for regulator of G protein signaling (RGS)-4 have increased circulating catecholamines, and increased free fatty acids. Consequently, RGS4-/- mice have increased concentration of circulating(More)
The E1A-targeted transcription factor E4F1 is a key player in the control of mammalian embryonic and somatic cell proliferation and survival. Mouse embryos lacking E4F die at an early developmental stage, whereas enforced expression of E4F1 in various cell lines inhibits cell cycle progression. E4F1-antiproliferative effects have been shown to depend on its(More)
33 text pages, 8 figures, 2 tables 243 words in the abstract, 500 words in the introduction, and 1500 words in the discussion and P. Mollard for helpful discussions in preparing the manuscript, D. Haddou, A. Carrette and P. Didier for technical assistance. We also thank N. Lautredou at the microscope facility of Montpellier RIO Imaging-Centre Régional(More)