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BACKGROUND Mutations in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene (MC4R) represent the most common known cause of monogenic human obesity. AIMS The aims of this study were the following: 1) to estimate the prevalence of MC4R mutations in obese Czech children; 2) to evaluate phenotypic features of the mutation carriers; 3) to compare weight, height, and body mass(More)
Mutations in genes involved in energy balance regulation within the central nervous system lead to monogenic forms of obesities. Individuals with these mutations are characterized by early-onset obesity and in some cases by endocrine abnormalities. Carriers of leptin gene mutations are able to normalize their body weight after daily subcutaneous leptin(More)
The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate in both developed and developing countries. Obesity is a chronic complex disease of multifactorial origin resulting from a long-term positive energy balance, in which both genetic and environmental factors are involved. Genetically prone individuals are the first to accumulate fat in the(More)
The increasing global prevalence of obesity urgently requires an implementation of efficient preventive and therapeutic measures. Weight loss and its maintenance should be considered one of the most important strategies to reduce the incidence of obesity-related co-morbidities such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Lifestyle modification focused on(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromedin U (NMU) is an anorexic neuropeptide expressed in the hypothalamus. Mice lacking the NmU gene are hyperphagic and obese, whereas mice overexpressing Nmu are hypophagic and lean. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate whether variants in NMU are associated with human obesity. DESIGN The coding region of NMU was analyzed for(More)
BACKGROUND The enlargement of visceral fat (VF) in abdominal obesity is associated with increased cardiometabolic health risks in both adults and adolescents. A precise measurement of VF by sophisticated methods as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cannot be applied in routine clinical practice. The aim of our study was to(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) is a nuclear receptor capable of regulating the expression of genes involved in peroxisomal and mitochondrial beta-oxidation pathways. The common Leu162Val polymorphism in the gene encoding PPARalpha has inconsistently shown association with quantitative traits related to obesity, type 2 diabetes,(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The glucagon gene (GCG) encodes several hormones important for energy metabolism: glucagon, oxyntomodulin and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and -2. Variants in GCG may associate with type 2 diabetes, obesity and/or related metabolic traits. METHODS GCG was re-sequenced as a candidate gene in 865 European individuals. Twenty-nine variants(More)
OBJECTIVE The first aim of our study was to define the hypogonadism manifested by low testosterone levels and incomplete male secondary sex characteristics in a 20-year-old male homozygous MC4R mutation carrier (G181D). The second aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of the anti-obesity drug sibutramine in this patient who failed to respond to an(More)
Current global epidemic of obesity is mainly related to increased consumption of high energy density foods and sedentary lifestyle that leads to a positive energy balance with subsequent accumulation of fat stores, primarily in genetically predisposed individuals. However, additional pathogenetic factors should be considered, including an infection. Several(More)