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Interleukin (IL)-6 is one of several proinflammatory cytokines that have been associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A two- to threefold elevation of circulating IL-6 has been observed in these conditions. Nonetheless, little evidence supports a direct role for IL-6 in mediating insulin resistance. Here, we present data that IL-6 can(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil, the prodrug form of the immunosuppressive agent mycophenolic acid (MPA), is currently in clinical trials evaluating its effectiveness in transplant recipients. In this study, we validated an ultrafiltration system for the reliable measurement of free MPA. Using this technique, we evaluated factors that might be important in modulating(More)
Umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation has emerged as a promising therapy, but it is challenged by scarcity of stem cells. Eltrombopag is a non-peptide, thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist, which selectively activates c-Mpl in humans and chimpanzees. We investigated eltrombopag's effects on human UCB hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and hematopoietic(More)
A flow cytometric, anti-CD71-based method was used to measure peripheral blood reticulocyte and micronucleated reticulocyte frequencies in response to (137)Cs total body irradiation (TBI). In three independent experiments, groups of five female C57BL/6N mice were irradiated at graded doses up to 3 Gy, and peripheral blood specimens were collected at 43 h(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of several pro-inflammatory cytokines implicated in insulin resistance during infection, cachexia, and obesity. We recently demonstrated that IL-6 inhibits insulin signaling in hepatocytes (Senn, J. J., Klover, P. J., Nowak, I. A., and Mooney, R. A. (2002) Diabetes 51, 3391-3399). Members of the suppressors of cytokine signaling(More)
The pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid (MPA), the immunosuppressant form of the prodrug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and the primary glucuronide metabolite, MPAG, were characterized in renal transplant patients with delayed graft function using random effects piecewise linear models. Eight patients were evaluated after receiving their first and(More)
Signaling through the interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) involves phosphorylation of several proteins including Jak3, STAT5, and, in preactivated cells, STAT3. In the present study, we examined the functional status of the IL-2R-associated Jak/STAT pathway in malignant T lymphocytes from advanced skin-based lymphomas: anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma (ALCL) and(More)
The frequency of micronucleated reticulocytes (MN-RETs) in the bone marrow or peripheral blood is a sensitive indicator of cytogenetic damage. While the kinetics of MN-RET induction in rodent models following irradiation has been investigated and reported, information about MN-RET induction of human bone marrow after radiation exposure is sparse. In this(More)
Validated high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) methods have been developed for the reliable measurement in plasma of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), mycophenolic acid (MPA), its pharmacologically active metabolite, and mycophenolic acid glucuronide (MPAG), the inactive and primary metabolite of MPA. Using these validated HPLC methods, the(More)