Irena A Nowak

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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of several pro-inflammatory cytokines implicated in insulin resistance during infection, cachexia, and obesity. We recently demonstrated that IL-6 inhibits insulin signaling in hepatocytes (Senn, J. J., Klover, P. J., Nowak, I. A., and Mooney, R. A. (2002) Diabetes 51, 3391-3399). Members of the suppressors of cytokine signaling(More)
Interleukin (IL)-6 is one of several proinflammatory cytokines that have been associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A two- to threefold elevation of circulating IL-6 has been observed in these conditions. Nonetheless, little evidence supports a direct role for IL-6 in mediating insulin resistance. Here, we present data that IL-6 can(More)
We investigated whether killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes are risk factor(s) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its clinical manifestations. One hundred and seventy-seven RA patients and 243 healthy individuals were tested for the presence of 11 KIR genes using PCR-SSP method. The frequencies of KIRs in patients with RA were similar to the(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil, the prodrug form of the immunosuppressive agent mycophenolic acid (MPA), is currently in clinical trials evaluating its effectiveness in transplant recipients. In this study, we validated an ultrafiltration system for the reliable measurement of free MPA. Using this technique, we evaluated factors that might be important in modulating(More)
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR2DL4) gene is present in virtually all humans. It encodes a receptor present on uterine and decidual natural killer (NK) cells and some peripheral blood NK cells. Its only known ligand is human leukocyte antigen-G molecule expressed on extravillous trophoblasts invading the decidua. Therefore, KIR2DL4 has been(More)
The pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid (MPA), the immunosuppressant form of the prodrug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and the primary glucuronide metabolite, MPAG, were characterized in renal transplant patients with delayed graft function using random effects piecewise linear models. Eight patients were evaluated after receiving their first and(More)
CTLA-4 molecule is an important inhibitor of T-lymphocyte activation. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CTLA-4 gene were found, and their associations with many human diseases were described. So far, however, such studies have not been performed in psoriasis vulgaris in Caucasoids. Therefore, we examined the distribution of three CTLA-4(More)
Signaling through the interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) involves phosphorylation of several proteins including Jak3, STAT5, and, in preactivated cells, STAT3. In the present study, we examined the functional status of the IL-2R-associated Jak/STAT pathway in malignant T lymphocytes from advanced skin-based lymphomas: anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma (ALCL) and(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study we demonstrated that incompatibility regarding ligands for inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) is associated with a survival advantage following unrelated donor-hematopoietic cell transplantation (URD-HCT). The goal of the present analysis was to evaluate whether genotype of activating KIRs of the donor may(More)