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PDC-109, the major protein of bovine seminal plasma, binds to sperm plasma membranes upon ejaculation and plays a crucial role in the subsequent events leading to fertilization. The binding process is mediated primarily by the specific interaction of PDC-109 with choline-containing phospholipids. In the present study the kinetics and mechanism of the(More)
Alpha-crystallin is a member of the small heat-shock protein family and functions like a molecular chaperone, and may thus help in maintaining the transparency of the eye lens by protecting the lens proteins from various stress conditions. Non-enzymic glycation of long-lived proteins has been implicated in several age- and diabetes-related complications,(More)
Familial Danish dementia (FDD) is a neurodegenerative disease which results due to alterations in the BRI2 gene. The pathological symptoms of the disease are cerebral amyloidolysis, parenchymal protein deposits and neuronal degeneration. The ADan peptide is a 34 amino acid long peptide which is thought to be the major cause of amyloid deposition in brains(More)
The eye lens small heat shock proteins (sHSP), alphaA- and alphaB-crystallins, have been shown to function like molecular chaperones, both in vitro and in vivo. It is essential to assess the protective effect of alphaA- and alphaB-crystallins under native conditions to extrapolate the results to in vivo conditions. Insulin and alpha-lactalbumin have widely(More)
Familial Danish dementia is a neurodegenerative disease which is a consequence of alterations in the BRI gene. The pathological signatures of the disease are cerebral amyloidolysis, parenchymal protein deposits and neuronal degeneration. Synthetic Danish dementia (ADan) peptides are capable of forming fibrillar assemblies in vitro at pH 4.8. However, the(More)
Familial Danish Dementia (FDD) is an autosomal disease, which is distinguished by gradual loss of vision, deafness, progressive ataxia and dementia. Cataract is the first manifestation of the disease. In this article, we demonstrate a specific correlation between the poisoning of the chaperone activity of the rat eye lens alpha-crystallins, loss of lens(More)
Assembly and penetration of 14-strand beta-barrel of staphylococcal alpha-hemolysin (alpha-HL) is an intriguing phenomenon due to its water soluble property. alpha-HL interacts with the Caveolin-1 of A431 cells for its rapid assembly. A nine amino acid, non-hydrophobic peptide derived from alpha-HL has been shown to block the interaction of alpha-HL with(More)
In this study, biphenyl ethers of diverse functionality were used to assess their effect on fibrillogenesis of both the oxidized and reduced ADan peptides, in vitro. It was noted that these compounds not only stalled fibrillogenesis but were also able to disrupt pre-formed fibers. The EC(50) values for the inhibition of this process lie in the nanomolar(More)
Purpose A clinical trial was conducted employing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) +/vaccine in patients (pts) with rising prostate specific antigen (PSA) after definitive therapy but no disease visible on bone or computed tomography (CT) scan. The primary endpoint was to determine if a whole tumor cell vaccine could prolong PSA recovery, but a key(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite a recent increase in US FDA-approved treatments, genitourinary malignancies remain a source of significant morbidity and mortality. One focus of research is the use of therapeutic cancer vaccines in these diseases, and a significant body of clinical trial experience now exists for refining vaccine strategies to enhance antitumor(More)
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