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  • Ira Mellman
  • Annual review of cell and developmental biology
  • 1996
Endocytosis in eukaryotic cells is characterized by the continuous and regulated formation of prolific numbers of membrane vesicles at the plasma membrane. These vesicles come in several different varieties, ranging from the actin-dependent formation of phagosomes involved in particle uptake, to smaller clathrin-coated vesicles responsible for the(More)
The development of human cancer is a multistep process characterized by the accumulation of genetic and epigenetic alterations that drive or reflect tumour progression. These changes distinguish cancer cells from their normal counterparts, allowing tumours to be recognized as foreign by the immune system. However, tumours are rarely rejected spontaneously,(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) sense viral and microbial DNA through endosomal Toll-like receptors to produce type 1 interferons. pDCs do not normally respond to self-DNA, but this restriction seems to break down in human autoimmune disease by an as yet poorly understood mechanism. Here we identify the antimicrobial peptide LL37 (also known as CAMP) as(More)
Receptor recycling involves two endosome populations, peripheral early endosomes and perinuclear recycling endosomes. In polarized epithelial cells, either or both populations must be able to sort apical from basolateral proteins, returning each to its appropriate plasma membrane domain. However, neither the roles of early versus recycling endosomes in(More)
Localization of the 215 kd mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR) was studied in normal rat kidney cells. Low levels of receptor were detected in the trans Golgi network, Golgi stack, plasma membrane, and peripheral endosomes. The bulk of the receptor was localized to an acidic, reticular-vesicular structure adjacent to the Golgi complex. The structure also(More)
In MDCK cells, transport of membrane proteins to the basolateral plasma membrane has been shown to require a distinct cytoplasmic domain determinant. Although the determinant is often related to signals used for localization in clathrin-coated pits, inactivation of the coated pit domain in the human LDL receptor did not affect basolateral targeting. By(More)
Although polarized epithelial cells are well known to maintain distinct apical and basolateral plasma membrane domains, the mechanisms responsible for targeting membrane proteins to the apical or basolateral surfaces have remained elusive. We have identified a novel form of the AP-1 clathrin adaptor complex that contains as one of its subunits mu1B, an(More)
cells are adept at endocytosis and express relatively low levels of surface MHC class I and II products and costimu-latory molecules (e.g., CD86). Abundant MHC class II molecules are synthesized, but they are mainly sequestered intracellularly in late endocytic compartments (lyso-somes; Figure 1, left). As in other MHC class II-expressing cells, the(More)