Ira A. Liebson

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This study assessed the effects of i.m. naloxone (10 mg) 6 hr after acute i.m. injections of morphine (0, 1, 3, 5.6, 10 and 17 mg). Naloxone reversed residual morphine-produced respiratory depression, miosis and subjective reports of drug "high." In addition, naloxone precipitated signs and symptoms characteristic of opioid withdrawal. Subjective report(More)
The efficacy of buprenorphine and methadone was compared in the outpatient detoxification of heroin addicts. Forty-five patients were randomized to receive either sublingual buprenorphine or oral methadone under double-dummy and double-blind conditions to study the pharmacology of buprenorphine in a 90-day detoxification protocol. The patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the efficacy of buprenorphine and methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence. METHOD Participants (N = 164) were relatively treatment-naive, opioid-dependent applicants to a 26-week treatment program who were randomly assigned to either methadone or buprenorphine treatment. Dosing was double-blind and double-dummy.(More)
Antagonist-precipitated withdrawal after acute opioid administration (acute physical dependence) is an interesting phenomenon in that the opioid abstinence syndrome is generally thought to develop only after prolonged exposure to opioid agonists. The purpose of this study was to examine further this phenomenon in humans by characterizing the antagonist(More)
In a residential research ward coffee drinking was studied in nine volunteer human subjects with histories of heavy coffee drinking. The presence or absence of caffeine in the coffee was manipulated under double-blind conditions by using caffeinated (C) or decaffeinated (D) coffee. When subjects were switched alternately for 10 or more consecutive days(More)
Previous studies in our laboratory have documented the occurrence of naloxone-precipitated opioid abstinence from 45 minutes to 6 hours after acute morphine administration in humans. This study extended the morphine-naloxone interval to 24 hours and examined the effect of repeated naloxone challenges on withdrawal responses. Six male nondependent opiate(More)
CONTEXT Methadone hydrochloride treatment is the most common pharmacological intervention for opioid dependence, and recent interest has focused on expanding methadone treatment availability beyond traditional specially licensed clinics. However, despite recommendations regarding effective dosing of methadone, controlled clinical trials of higher-dose(More)
In a residential hospital research ward setting the effects of and preference for placebo and various oral doses of pentobarbital and diazepam were studied in volunteer human subjects with documented histories of sedative abuse. Drug-free days alternated with drug administration days throughout the study. After experimenter-scheduled exposures to the test(More)
This study assessed the blockade of hydromorphone challenge effects (cumulative s.c. doses of 0, 6 and 18 mg) during chronic buprenorphine treatment of opioid dependent subjects. Buprenorphine was administered daily via the sublingual route in ascending doses of 2, 4, 8 and 16 mg. Hydromorphone challenges were conducted after 10 to 14 days of chronic(More)