Irén Haltrich

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Synaptopathies constitute a group of neurological diseases including autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). They have been associated with mutations in genes encoding proteins important for the formation and stabilization of synapses, such as SHANK1-3. Loss-of-function mutations in the SHANK genes have been identified in(More)
Intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 (iAMP21) defines a distinct cytogenetic subgroup of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL). To date, fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), with probes specific for the RUNX1 gene, provides the only reliable detection method (five or more RUNX1 signals per cell). Patients with(More)
Myeloid leukemia of Down syndrome has a better prognosis than sporadic pediatric acute myeloid leukemia. Most cases of myeloid leukemia of Down syndrome are characterized by additional cytogenetic changes besides the constitutional trisomy 21, but their potential prognostic impact is not known. We, therefore, conducted an international retrospective study(More)
BACKGROUND Developing chemotherapy resistant cell lines can help to identify markers of resistance. Instead of using a panel of highly heterogeneous cell lines, we assumed that truly robust and convergent pattern of resistance can be identified in multiple parallel engineered derivatives of only a few parental cell lines. METHODS Parallel cell populations(More)
The virtually obligatory presence of the Philadelphia chromosome may suggest a causal homogeneity, but chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a clinically heterogeneous disease. This may be a consequence of the variable BCR breakpoints on chromosome 22 and of nonrandom secondary chromosomal abnormalities. We present the case of a boy, age 12, investigated in(More)
We detected non-random 3p losses and 3q gains on well-determined regions in both murine and human tumors using a microcell hybrid-based model system called 'elimination test'. We suggest that these are general malignancy-associated aberrations not necessarily linked to a particular tissue of origin. To examine chromosome 3 abnormalities, in 28 childhood(More)
Donor-cell-derived hematopoietic malignancy is a rare event after bone marrow transplantation. Most cases in the literature occurred within the first year. We present a rare case of a female patient who had a bone marrow transplant for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) at the age of two and a half years from her human leukocyte antigen-identical brother. She(More)
One of the frequent reasons for unsuccessful conception is premature ovarian failure/primary ovarian insufficiency (POF/POI) that is defined as the loss of functional follicles below the age of 40 years. Among the genetic causes the most common one involves the X chromosome, as in Turner syndrome, partial X deletion and X-autosome translocations. Here we(More)
Turner syndrome, a congenital condition that affects 1/2,500 births, results from absence or structural alteration of the second sex chromosome. Turner syndrome is usually associated with short stature, gonadal dysgenesis and variable dysmorphic features. The classical 45,X karyotype accounts approximately for half of all patients, the remainder exhibit(More)
Cytogenetic aberrations are very important factors in risk assessment of childhood hematological malignancies. We report six childhood acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) cases with rare cytogenetic aberrations: five with RUNX1, ABL1 or MLL proto-oncogene amplification and one case of multiple copies of ETV6/RUNX1 fusion genes. The simultaneous presence of two(More)