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BACKGROUND In mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB, a lysosomal storage disease causing early onset mental retardation in children, the production of abnormal oligosaccharidic fragments of heparan sulfate is associated with severe neuropathology and chronic brain inflammation. We addressed causative links between the biochemical, pathological and inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Strokes related to intracranial aneurysm or arteriopathy have been reported in a few patients with late-onset Pompe disease. These reports suggested that cerebral vessel involvement could be an underrecognized complication of this disease. METHODS We report cerebral artery involvement in three French patients with late-onset Pompe disease. (More)
OBJECTIVE A defect of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) interrupts the degradation of glycosaminoglycans in mucopolysaccharidosis type I, causing severe neurological manifestations in children with Hurler's syndrome. Delivery of the missing enzyme through stereotactic injection of adeno-associated virus vectors coding for IDUA prevents(More)
Sanfilippo syndrome is a mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) caused by a lysosomal enzyme defect interrupting the degradation pathway of heparan sulfates. Affected children develop hyperactivity, aggressiveness, delayed development, and severe neuropathology. We observed relevant behaviors in the mouse model of Sanfilippo syndrome type B (MPSIIIB), in which the(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide a description of type 2 Gaucher disease. To attempt to define type 2 Gaucher disease within the spectrum of early-onset neuronopathic Gaucher disease. BACKGROUND Type 2 Gaucher disease is a rare disorder due to glucocerebrosidase deficiency that comprises a rapidly progressing neurological degeneration associated with visceral signs.(More)
A 29-year-old man with a progressive exertional muscle intolerance since childhood was referred for incremental exercise test on a bicycle ergometer. The response pattern suggested a mitochondrial myopathy: that is, a greatly reduced maximum oxygen consumption with appropriate heart rate increase and an anaerobic threshold point reached early. The metabolic(More)
Skin fibroblast cultures from patients with inherited lysosomal enzymopathies, alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (alpha-NAGA) and alpha-galactosidase A deficiencies (Schindler and Fabry disease, respectively), and from normal controls were used to study in situ degradation of blood group A and B glycosphingolipids. Glycosphingolipids A-6-2 (GalNAc (alpha(More)
Both alleles of 24 French glycogen storage disease type 1a patients were sequenced: 14 different mutations allowed the identification of complete genotypes for all the patients. Nine new gene alterations are reported. Five mutations, Q347X, R83C, D38V, G188R, and 158 del C, account for 75% of the mutated alleles. These data show that the molecular pathology(More)