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BACKGROUND Approximately 268,000 Fidelis leads were implanted worldwide until distribution was suspended because of a high rate of early failure. Careful analyses of predictors of increased lead failure hazard are required to help direct future lead design and also to inform decision making on lead replacement. We sought to perform a comprehensive analysis(More)
The effect of standard cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) on the severity of Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) in patients with congestive heart failure was studied. It was hypothesised that CRT, through its known beneficial effects on cardiac function, would stabilise the control of breathing and reduce CSR. Twenty-eight patients who were eligible for(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the relationship between the use of anticoagulants, specifically heparin, and the development of iliacus and psoas muscle hematoma. Three patients with unstable angina who developed groin pain while on heparin anticoagulation are presented. Patients who are anticoagulated with heparin are at increased risk of developing iliacus or(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated gender differences, depression, and health-related quality of life (QoL) in a cross-sectional sample of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS This cross-sectional study involved a convenience sample of AF patients from two tertiary-care clinics in Toronto, Canada. Ninety-three AF patients completed(More)
BACKGROUND Sex differences in the use and outcomes of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have not been fully studied. OBJECTIVE To examine potential sex differences in ICD implantation and device outcomes. DESIGN Health payer-mandated, prospective study of patients referred for ICD implantation, with comprehensive, longitudinal follow-up for(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with significant health-related quality of life (QoL) impairments. Markers of heart disease severity have explained little variance in QoL and it is unclear what other factors will better account for the observed differences in adjustment. We examined whether specific personality traits and illness management styles(More)
BACKGROUND A conceptualized model may be useful for understanding risk stratification of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators considering the competing risks of appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shock versus mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS In a prospective, multicenter, population-based cohort with left ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is superior to amiodarone for secondary prophylaxis of sudden cardiac death. However, the magnitude of this benefit over long-term follow-up is not known. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the long-term consequences of using amiodarone versus an ICD as first-line monotherapy in patients with a(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common clinically encountered arrhythmia affecting 0.4% of the general population. Its prevalence increases with age, affecting more than 6% of people over 80 years of age. The annual risk of ischemic stroke in patients with lone AF is approximately 1.3%. This annual risk increases up to 10% -12% in patients with a prior(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal intercellular communication caused by connexin dysfunction may contribute to atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study assessed the effect of the gap junction conduction-enhancing antiarrhythmic peptide GAP-134 on AF inducibility and maintenance in a dog model of atrial cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-four dogs subject to(More)