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To examine which branched-chain amino acids affect the plasma glucose levels, we investigated the effects of leucine, isoleucine, and valine (0.3 g/kg body weight p.o.) in normal rats using the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, 2 g/kg). A single oral administration of isoleucine significantly reduced plasma glucose levels 30 and 60 min after the glucose(More)
Distribution of the extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin during wound healing in mouse skin was studied immunohistochemically. Within 24 hours after wounding, and preceding the formation of granulation tissue, tenascin appeared in the basement membranes beneath epidermis and hair follicles adjacent to the wound edges and in the wounded edges of(More)
A phylogenetic analysis of the sequences of 60 clones of archaeal small-subunit rRNA genes amplified from the termite Reticulitermes speratus revealed that most of them (56 clones) clustered in the genus Methanobrevibacter. Three clones were classified in the order Thermoplasmales. The Methanobrevibacter-related symbionts were detected by in situ(More)
The present study was conducted to determine the contribution of muscle protein synthesis to the prevention of anesthesia-induced hypothermia by intravenous administration of an amino acid (AA) mixture. We examined the changes of intraperitoneal temperature (Tcore) and the rates of protein synthesis (K(s)) and the phosphorylation states of translation(More)
Phylogeny and the distribution of symbiotic bacteria in the mixed segment of the wood-eating termite Nasutitermes takasagoensis (Shiraki) were studied. Bacterial 16S rRNA genes (rDNA) were amplified from the mixed segment of the gut by PCR, and two kinds of sequences were identified. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by neighbor-joining and maximum(More)
Two endo-beta-1,4-glucanase components (YEG1 and YEG2) of the endogenous cellulase from the Japanese subterranean termite, Reticulitermes speratus, were purified to homogeneity using gel filtration and hydroxylapatite chromatography, and their enzymatic properties were investigated. Using sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(More)
Isoleucine, a branched chain amino acid, plays an important role in the improvement of glucose metabolism as evidenced by the increase of insulin-independent glucose uptake in vitro. This study evaluated the effect of isoleucine on glucose uptake and oxidation in fasted rats and on gluconeogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Oral administration of isoleucine(More)
After prolonged exposure of mouse epididymal epithelial cells to a solution of osmium tetroxide, reduced osmium compounds were detected in the Golgi cisternae and in the cytoplasm adjacent to the Golgi complex. Their appearance changed in time under certain conditions. Eight days after castration each cisterna of the regularly arranged Golgi lamellae(More)
Leucine and isoleucine were shown to stimulate insulin-independent glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells in vitro. In this study, we examined the effects of leucine and isoleucine on blood glucose in food-deprived rats and on glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle in vivo. Furthermore, we investigated the possible involvement of the energy sensor,(More)
Amino acid (AA) administration can stimulate heat accumulation in the body, as especially found under anesthetic conditions. To test our hypothesis that marked rise in plasma insulin concentrations following AA administration plays an important role in the heat storage, we intravenously administered either a balanced AA mixture or saline over 3 h, both with(More)