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Eight strains of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (laboratory strains Tf-1 [= ATCC 13661] and Tf-2 [= ATCC 19859] and mine isolates SM-1, SM-2, SM-3, SM-4, SM-5, and SM-8) and three strains of Thiobacillus thiooxidans (laboratory strain Tt [= ATCC 8085] and mine isolates SM-6 and SM-7) were grown on ferrous iron (Fe), elemental sulfur (S), or sulfide ore (Fe, Cu,(More)
The oxidation of elemental sulfur by Thiobacillus thiooxidans was studied at pH 2.3, 4.5, and 7.0 in the presence of different concentrations of various anions (sulfate, phosphate, chloride, nitrate, and fluoride) and cations (potassium, sodium, lithium, rubidium, and cesium). The results agree with the expected response of this acidophilic bacterium to(More)
Thiobacillus thiooxidans was grown at pH 5 on thiosulfate as an energy source, and the mechanism of oxidation of inorganic sulfur compounds was studied by the effect of inhibitors, stoichiometries of oxygen consumption and sulfur, sulfite, or tetrathionate accumulation, and cytochrome reduction by substrates. Both intact cells and cell-free extracts were(More)
Two acceleration data loggers, each measuring surging and heaving acceleration, were attached to the head and mandible of three captive hooded seals, Cystophora cristata, for detection of underwater feeding events. Three sizes of prey: Atlantic herring (large), capelin (medium), and half a capelin (small) were tested. A highpass frequency-filtering method(More)
The oxidation of ferrous iron (Fe) to ferric iron (Fe) with dioxygen (O(2)) by various strains of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was studied by measuring the rate of O(2) consumption at various Fe concentrations and cell concentrations. The apparent K(m) values for Fe remained constant at different cell concentrations of laboratory strains ATCC 13661 and ATCC(More)
Bacterial leaching of a sulfide ore containing pyrite, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite was studied in shake flask experiments using Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and Thiobacillus thiooxidans strains isolated from mine sites. The Fe(2+)grown T. ferrooxidans isolates solubilized sphalerite preferentially over chalcopyrite leaching 7-10% Cu, 68-76% Zn, and 10-22% Fe(More)
Thiobacillus thiooxidans cells became more hydrophobic but less adhesive to elemental sulfur in the presence of increasing potassium phosphate concentrations. At a fixed concentration of potassium phosphate, however, there was a peak of both cell hydrophobicity and adhesion to sulfur at around pH 5. Oxidation of sulfur by the cells was affected in a complex(More)
Microorganisms are important in metal recovery from ores, particularly sulfide ores. Copper, zinc, gold, etc. can be recovered from sulfide ores by microbial leaching. Mineral solubilization is achieved both by 'direct (contact) leaching' by bacteria and by 'indirect leaching' by ferric iron (Fe(3+)) that is regenerated from ferrous iron (Fe(2+)) by(More)
The oxidation of sulfite by Thiobacillus thiooxidans was studied at various pH values with changing concentrations of potassium sulfite. The optimal pH for sulfite oxidation by cells was a function of sulfite concentrations, rising with increasing substrate concentrations, while that by the cell extracts was unaffected. The sulfite oxidation by cells was(More)
Oxidation of ferrous iron by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans SM-4 was inhibited competitively by increasing concentrations of ferric iron or cells. A kinetic analysis showed that binding of one inhibitor did not exclude binding of the other and led to synergistic inhibition by the two inhibitors. Binding of one inhibitor, however, was affected by the other(More)