Learn More
Histone modifications are implicated in influencing gene expression. We have generated high-resolution maps for the genome-wide distribution of 20 histone lysine and arginine methylations as well as histone variant H2A.Z, RNA polymerase II, and the insulator binding protein CTCF across the human genome using the Solexa 1G sequencing technology. Typical(More)
tered at +120 bp, the following ones at +300 and +480, respectively. RNA POL II sits right on the TSS. In the upstream region, we observe no periodic signal indicative of regular nucleosome positioning (phasing) across promoters. The closest nucleosomes are located around position −180 leaving a minimal nucleosome-free promoter region of 150 bp. As the(More)
Epigenetic control is an important aspect of gene regulation. Despite detailed understanding of protein-coding gene expression, the transcription of noncoding RNA genes by RNA polymerase III (Pol III) is less well characterized. Here we profile the epigenetic features of Pol III target genes throughout the human genome. This reveals that the chromatin(More)
Although the function of DNA methylation in gene promoter regions is well established in transcriptional repression, the function of the evolutionarily conserved widespread distribution of DNA methylation in gene body regions remains incompletely understood. Here, we show that DNA methylation is enriched in included alternatively spliced exons (ASEs), and(More)
Whole-genome resequencing is still a costly method to detect genetic mutations that lead to altered forms of proteins and may be associated with disease development. Since the majority of disease-related single nucleotide variations (SNVs) are found in protein-coding regions, we propose to identify SNVs in expressed exons of the human genome using the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genomic scale survey of epigenetic states in the mammalian genomes has shown that promoters and enhancers are correlated with distinct chromatin signatures, providing a pragmatic way for systematic mapping of these regulatory elements in the genome. With rapid accumulation of chromatin modification profiles in the genome of various(More)
Chromosome 17q21.31 contains a common inversion polymorphism of approximately 900 kb in populations with European ancestry. Two divergent MAPT haplotypes, H1 and H2 are described with distinct linkage disequilibrium patterns across the region reflecting the inversion status at this locus. The MAPT H1 haplotype has been associated with progressive(More)
Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) constitute a branch of epigenetic mechanisms that can control the expression of eukaryotic genes in a heritable manner. Recent studies have identified several PTM-binding proteins containing diverse specialized domains whose recognition of specific PTM sites leads to gene activation or repression. Here, we(More)