Iouri Bachmakov

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Transporter proteins such as P-glycoprotein are major determinants of intracellular drug concentrations. Moreover, inhibition or induction of transporters is an important mechanism underlying drug interactions in humans. However, very little is known whether beta-adrenoceptor antagonists are substrates and/or inhibitors of P-glycoprotein. Therefore, we(More)
OBJECTIVE The uptake of drugs into hepatocytes is a key determinant for hepatic metabolism, intrahepatic action, their subsequent systemic plasma concentrations, and extrahepatic actions. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that many drugs used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases (e.g., oral antidiabetic drugs, statins) are taken up into hepatocytes(More)
The multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) is an efflux transporter involved in the transport of endogenous substrates and xenobiotics. We measured MRP4 mRNA and protein expression in human livers and found a 38- and 45-fold variability, respectively. We sequenced 2 kb of the 5′-flanking region, all exons and intron/exon boundaries of the MRP4 gene in 95(More)
OBJECTIVES We determined in vitro the potency of macrolides as P-glycoprotein inhibitors and tested in hospitalised patients whether coadministration of P-glycoprotein inhibitors leads to increased serum concentrations of the P-glycoprotein substrates digoxin and digitoxin. METHODS In vitro, the effect of macrolides on polarised P-glycoprotein-mediated(More)
AIM The uptake of drugs from the blood into the renal tubular cells is a key determinant for renal secretion and may influence their systemic plasma concentrations and extrarenal effects. Metformin, used for treatment of type 2 diabetes, is taken up into renal tubular cells by the organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2). Because many patients with type 2(More)
Information is lacking on whether the CYP3A5 genotype affects the disposition and effects of midazolam during the long-term intensive care sedation of patients. This study was undertaken to estimate whether the CYP3A5 genotype can explain a relevant portion of pharmacokinetic interindividual variability. We determined the CYP3A5 genotype in 71 Caucasian(More)
Digoxin is a drug with a narrow therapeutic index, which is a substrate of the ATP-dependent efflux pump P-glycoprotein. Increased or decreased digoxin plasma concentrations occur in humans due to the inhibition or induction of this drug transporter in organs with excretory function such as small intestine, liver and kidney. It is well known that serum(More)
Digitoxin is a known substrate of the efflux pump P-glycoprotein (gene name: ABCB1). P-glycoprotein expression was shown to be modulated by single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene, but it remains unclear whether these polymorphisms influence digitoxin blood levels. Our objective was to examine the association of ABCB1 C3435T genotype and elevated(More)
Oxycodone (14-hydroxy-7,8-dihydrocodeinone) is a potent opioid receptor agonist. In the present study, a liquid-liquid extraction-based reversed-phase HPLC method with UV detection was validated and applied for the analysis of oxycodone and its major metabolite, noroxycodone, in human plasma. The analytes were separated using a mobile phase, consisting of(More)
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