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Synaptic terminals and neuroendocrine cells are packed with secretory vesicles, only a few of which are docked at the plasma membrane and readily releasable. The remainder are thought to constitute a large cytoplasmic reserve pool awaiting recruitment into the readily releasable pool (RRP) for exocytosis. How vesicles are prioritized in recruitment is still(More)
Taurine is an important osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation. During regulatory volume decrease it is released via a volume-sensitive organic osmolyte/anion channel. Several molecules have been suggested as candidates for osmolyte release. In this study, we chose three of these, namely ClC-2, ClC-3 and ICln, because of their expression in rat(More)
Prerequisites for cell survival include avoidance of excessive alterations of cell volume. Cells counterbalance the osmolarity due to cellular accumulation of organic substances by uneven distribution of inorganic ions. They extrude Na(+) in exchange for K(+) by the Na(+) /K(+) ATPase. The cell membrane is less permeable to Na(+) than to K(+) . The K(+)(More)
A method is described to measure threonine phosphorylation of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter in ferret erythrocytes using readily available antibodies. We show that most, if not all, cotransporter in these cells is NKCC1, and this was immunoprecipitated with T4. Cotransport rate, measured as 86Rb influx, correlates well with threonine phosphorylation of(More)
We have developed a system for the real-time study of regulated exocytosis in living, cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells (BCCs). Exocytosis was monitored by the use of total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy to image single large dense-core secretory vesicles (LDCVs). Fluorescent labeling of LDCVs was achieved either with the(More)
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