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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several studies suggest that grey matter involvement may play a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at 3T was used to investigate the presence of damage to the normal-appearing thalamus in MS and its relationship with disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-four patients with(More)
Glial activation in the setting of central nervous system inflammation is a key feature of the multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology. Monitoring glial activation in subjects with MS, therefore, has the potential to be informative with respect to disease activity. The translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) is a promising biomarker of glial activation that can be(More)
Youths with conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder and psychopathic traits (CD/ODD+PT) are at high risk of adult antisocial behavior and psychopathy. Neuroimaging studies demonstrate functional abnormalities in orbitofrontal cortex and the amygdala in both youths and adults with psychopathic traits. Diffusion tensor imaging in psychopathic adults(More)
BACKGROUND Fatigue is a common and disabling symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies reported that damage of the corticostriatothalamocortical circuit is critical in its occurrence. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between fatigue in MS and regional cortical and subcortical gray matter atrophy. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING(More)
This paper presents a method for Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery in Image Data. This method is based on the Self-Organizing Map (SOM) which is an unsupervised artificial neural network algorithm. The SOM possesses unique properties of clustering, classification, modelling and visualization and is used here as a Data Mining tool. This enables us to get(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the impact of focal and diffuse corticospinal tracts damage on sensory-motor disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS Twenty-five MS patients underwent 3.0 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and the Timed 25-Foot Walk(More)
UNLABELLED Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hemoglobinopathy that affects more than 100,000 individuals in the United States. The disease is characterized by the presence of sickle hemoglobin and recurrent episodes of pain. Some individuals with SCD experience frequent hospitalizations and a high burden of pain. The role of central mechanisms in SCD pain has(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between tissue-specific alterations in brain volume and neurobehavioral status in newborns with complex congenital heart defects preoperatively. STUDY DESIGN Three-dimensional volumetric magnetic resonance imaging was used to calculate tissue-specific brain volumes and a standardized neurobehavioral assessment was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain injury is a major complication in neonates with complex congenital heart disease. Preliminary evidence suggests that fetuses with congenital heart disease are at greater risk for brain abnormalities. However, the nature and frequency of these brain abnormalities detected by conventional fetal MR imaging has not been examined(More)
INTRODUCTION Placental insufficiency remains a common cause of perinatal mortality and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Congenital heart disease (CHD) in the fetus and its relationship to placental function is unknown. This study explores placental health and its relationship to neonatal outcomes by comparing placental volumes in healthy pregnancies and(More)