Ionita Ghiran

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Stromal cells isolated from bone marrow (BMSCs), often referred to as mesenchymal stem cells, are currently under investigation for a variety of therapeutic applications. However, limited data are available regarding receptors that can influence their homing to and positioning within the bone marrow. In the present study, we found that second passage BMSCs(More)
Human red blood cells (RBCs) exhibit vibratory motions, referred to as "flickering." Their dynamical properties, classically attributed to thermal mechanisms, have not been fully characterized. Using detrended fluctuation analysis and multiscale entropy methods, we show that the short-term flickering motions of RBCs, observed under phase contrast(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by intravascular activation of the complement system and deposition of complement fragments (C3 and C4) on plasma membranes of circulating cells, including red blood cells (RBCs). The aim of this study was to address whether this process affects the biophysical properties of RBCs. METHODS Serum(More)
Red blood cells (RBC) from an Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) were studied by light microscopy (LM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and a new nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) ‘imaging’ method based on the translational diffusion of water, NMR q-space analysis. Also, the transmembrane diffusional permeability, P d of water in RBC was measured by using(More)
Humans and mice infected with different Plasmodium strains are known to produce microvesicles derived from the infected red blood cells (RBCs), denoted RMVs. Studies in mice have shown that RMVs are elevated during infection and have proinflammatory activity. Here we present a detailed characterization of RMV composition and function in the human malaria(More)
Secretion of interleukin-4 (IL-4) by leukocytes is important for varied immune responses including allergic inflammation. Within eosinophils, unlike lymphocytes, IL-4 is stored in granules (termed specific granules) and can be rapidly released by brefeldin A (BFA)-inhibitable mechanisms upon stimulation with eotaxin, a chemokine that activates eosinophils.(More)
Mannan-binding lectin (MBL), a member of the collectin family, is known to have opsonic function, although identification of its cellular receptor has been elusive. Complement C1q, which is homologous to MBL, binds to complement receptor 1 (CR1/CD35), and thus we investigated whether CR1 also functions as the MBL receptor. Radioiodinated MBL bound to(More)
This review discusses extracellular vesicles (EVs), which are submicron-scale, anuclear, phospholipid bilayer membrane enclosed vesicles that contain lipids, metabolites, proteins, and RNA (micro and messenger). They are shed from many, if not all, cell types and are present in biological fluids and conditioned cell culture media. The term EV, as coined by(More)
Humans and other higher primates are unique among mammals in using complement receptor 1 (CR1, CD35) on red blood cells (RBC) to ligate complement-tagged inflammatory particles (immune complexes, apoptotic/necrotic debris, and microbes) in the circulation for quiet transport to the sinusoids of spleen and liver where resident macrophages remove the(More)
Intracellular granules in several types of leukocytes contain preformed proteins whose secretions contribute to immune and inflammatory functions of leukocytes, including eosinophils, cells notably associated with asthma, allergic inflammation, and helminthic infections. Cytokines and chemokines typically elicit extracellular secretion of granule proteins(More)