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EEG recordings reflect the gross electrical activity emanating from synaptic currents of individual neurons across large cortical areas. During periods of cortical activation, waking, and higher EEG frequencies, neurons display increased excitability and exhibit more asynchronous discharge. The activity of a number of subcortical neurotransmitter systems(More)
The role of endogenous enkephalins in behavioural control in mice was investigated by i.v. injection of RB 101 (N-[(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4- methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-oxopropyl]-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester). RB 101 is a recently reported systemically active mixed inhibitor prodrug of the two enzymes which metabolize the enkephalins neutral(More)
RATIONALE The cannabinoid system consists of a complex array of receptors, substances with agonist/antagonist properties for those receptors, biosynthetic machineries and mechanisms for cellular uptake and degradation for endocannabinoids. This system is in interrelation with other systems that comprise lipid mediators like prostaglandins/leukotrienes(More)
Different classes of receptors mediate norepinephrine and epinephrine effects, one of the most recently discovered being the beta 3 adrenergic ones. The paper has proposed itself to present the history of the discovery of beta 3 adrenergic receptors, different techniques for their identification, their structure, localization, genetic data and also the(More)
The effects of the selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA; 1 and 0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) and the A1 selective antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (CPX) have been examined on the electroencephalogram (EEG) of intact rats. From four EEG leads the EEG signal was subjected to Fast Fourier Transform and analysed both in narrow(More)
The anxiolytic effect of the calcium channel blockers nifedipine and verapamil was tested in mice using two test: the conditioned suppression of the motility test and the black and white box test. The nifedipine but not the verapamil, in low doses (0.1 mg/kg b.w), proved anxiolytic effect and both nifedipine and verapamil in high dose (1.6-2.5 mg/kg b.w)(More)
Many drugs targeting dopaminergic system were developed for treating schizophrenia (antagonists of D2 dopaminergic receptors, e.g. antipsychotics) or Parkinson' disease (agonists of dopaminergic receptors, e.g. L-DOPA). Because many of the patients treated with these drugs consume caffeine based beverages, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics interactions(More)
Natural cannabinoids have been used for centuries for their psychotropic properties, but their possible therapeutic implications in analgesia have been recently documented. The present review intended to make an analysis of the neuroanatomy and physiology of the cannabinoid system (receptors, functions, agents acting on these receptors) and of its(More)
By means of a conveyer belt two types of conditioned reflexes were developed in rats, at two functional levels. When these had become stable, we observed the animals' behaviour during a morphine treatment, until they developed tolerance. Thereafter the treatment with morphine was suddenly discontinued, or morphine was replaced by pentazocine or reserpine.(More)
Abnormalities in iron metabolism are frequent in the neoplastic disease. The relationship between hepcidin and iron homeostasis in cancerous pathology is incompletely known, although it has been studied during the last years. This paper aims to analyze the role of hepcidin in the neoplastic processes, its correlation with carcinogenesis and anemia, and with(More)