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Human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2) is an antimicrobial peptide which is released upon microbial invasion and contributes to mucosal and epithelial defense modulating both innate and adaptive immunity. We found that hBD-2 stimulates chemotaxis of human endothelial cells with an extent similar to that exerted by the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The(More)
Epithelia in the human airways, from the nasal aperture to the alveoli, are covered in a protective film of fluid containing a number of antimicrobial proteins. Defensins are single-chain, strongly cationic peptides and are one of the most extensively studied classes of antimicrobial peptides. Moxifloxacin (MXF) is a fluoroquinolone that acts against both(More)
The chemical investigation of an Indonesian specimen of Theonella swinhoei afforded four aurantosides, one of which, aurantoside J (5), is a new compound. The structure of this metabolite, exhibiting the unprecedented N-α-glycosidic linkage between the pentose and the tetramate units, has been determined through detailed spectroscopic analysis. The four(More)
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