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The placental-derived growth factor (PIGF) is a dimeric glycoprotein showing a high degree of sequence similarity to the vascular endothelial growth factor. Alternative splicing of the PIGF primary transcript gives rise to two forms, named PIGF-1 and PIGF-2, which differ only in the insertion of a highly basic 21-amino acid stretch at the carboxyl end. The(More)
Some species of Candida are opportunistic pathogens that can cause disease in a host immunocompromised by underlying local or systemic pathological processes. C. albicans is the species most often associated with oral lesions, but other species of Candida, including C. glabrata, C. tropicalis and C. parapsilosis, have also been isolated in the saliva of(More)
BACKGROUND Captopril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor with sulphydryl groups in its chemical structure. It is commonly used as an antihypertensive drug. The occurrence of pemphigus vulgaris has repeatedly been reported in patients receiving captopril. The capacity of captopril and pemphigus serum to induce acantholysis, in vivo or in vitro, has(More)
Neoangiogenesis is a prerequisite for tumor growth and metastasis. In germ cell cancer patients with the disease limited to the testicle (stage A), tumor-associated neovascularization is predictive of metastatic disease (stage B). To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying neovascularization in human germ cell tumors (GCTs), we analysed the(More)
Placenta growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represent two closely related angiogenic growth factors active as homodimers or heterodimers. Since goiters of the thyroid gland are extremely hypervascular, we investigated the expression of PlGF, VEGF and their receptors, Flt-1 and Flk-1/KDR, in a small panel of human goiters from(More)
The heat shock proteins (Hsps) have an important role in the cytoprotection and repair of cells and tissues. One potential mechanism of protection is the ability of Hsp to inhibit genetic expression of proinflammatory cytokines, the transcription of which is dependent on nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. In this study, we evaluated the ability(More)
Human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2) is an antimicrobial peptide which is released upon microbial invasion and contributes to mucosal and epithelial defense modulating both innate and adaptive immunity. We found that hBD-2 stimulates chemotaxis of human endothelial cells with an extent similar to that exerted by the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The(More)
Malassezia spp. are saprophyte yeasts involved in skin diseases with different degrees of severity. The aim of our study was to analyze the response of human epidermal keratinocytes to Malassezia globosa and restricta strains evaluating the host defence mechanisms induced by Malassezia spp. colonization. Our results showed a different modulation of the(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens is a Gram-negative bacterium generally considered of scarce clinical significance. However, in the last few years, the isolation of P. fluorescens as the causative agent of nosocomial infections has rapidly increased. P. fluorescens is a psychrophile microorganism which grows at an optimal temperature of 25-30 degrees Celcius. In(More)
Peptide T (PT), an octapeptide fragment located in the V2 region of the HIV-1 gp120-coating protein, appears to be beneficial in the treatment of psoriasis. Our previous investigations suggest that keratinocytes play a key role in conditioning the therapeutic effects of PT in psoriasis. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of PT and the(More)