Ioannis Xinias

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BACKGROUND Infant regurgitation is a phenomenon causing worldwide parental distress and anxiety. Parental reassurance and dietary advices regarding feeding techniques and volumes are helpful in the management. Guidelines also recommend the use of thickened formula. However, the impact of thickened feeding on the frequency of acid reflux is still a matter of(More)
Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Many reports mention the association between epilepsy and celiac disease and the occasional presence of occipital corticosubcortical calcifications. We investigated 255 children with idiopathic epilepsy. Evaluation included use of(More)
BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and the frequency of anatomical abnormalities in newborns with unexplained jaundice and to find out if there is any correlation between bilirubin level and renal damage. METHODS We studied 462 full-term neonates for UTI. They were aged 3-25 days, with either(More)
AIM Evaluation of the prevalence of coeliac disease (CD) in Greek paediatric population. METHODS The project consists of two parts: (i) a pilot study of preschool children aged 2-6 years to test the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of community-based screening and (ii) a CD prevalence study, by random clustered sampling and proportionate stratification(More)
Gastric emptying time is considered a factor in the increased frequency of gastroesophageal reflux in children with cerebral palsy. It is unknown if emptying time influences the severity of reflux. In this study, 76 cerebral palsy patients with reflux indicative symptoms were investigated by 24-hour pH monitoring. Reflux complications were also studied.(More)
Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL) or Waldmann's disease is a rare protein-losing gastroenteropathy of unknown etiology. Less than 200 cases have been reported globally. Patients may be asymptomatic or present edema, lymphedema, diarrhea, ascites and other manifestations. We report two pediatric cases with PIL with extremely different outcome in a(More)
OBJECTIVES Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is treated in formula-fed infants with an extensive protein hydrolysate. This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional safety of a non-thickened and thickened extensively casein hydrolyzed protein formula (NT- and T-eCHF) in infants with CMA. METHODS Infants younger than 6 mo old with a positive cow milk challenge test,(More)
Allergy prevention remains a vexing problem. Food sensitization frequently occurs early in life and is often the first sign of future atopic disease. Therefore, interventions to prevent food allergies and the development of the atopic phenotype are best made early in life. The results of studies regarding the effects of breast-feeding and the prevention of(More)
Food induced sensitization has been reported in pediatric liver recipients. However long term follow up has not been established so far.We report here our experience regarding 3 pediatric patients who developed acquired food allergy after liver transplantation. The first patient suffered from persistent diarrhea and eczema. The second one presented with(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory disease of the skin, which is characterised by a chronic relapsing course. AIM The aim of the study was to assign the prevalence of clinically active food allergies among a group of children between 3 months and 7 years of age, with AD. METHODS Eighty-eight children with AD were screened for specific(More)