Ioannis Politis

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We investigated the influence of rumen-protected choline (RPC) supplementation on milk production, lipid metabolism and vitamin E status in dairy cows receiving a silage-based diet. Twenty-six Italian Holstein multiparous cows were assigned by weight and average production in the previous lactation, to one of two groups: control (no RPC supplementation) and(More)
This paper presents a first evaluation of multimodal language-based warnings for handovers of control in autonomous cars. A set of possible handover situations varying in urgency is described. A set of multimodal, language-based warnings for these situations is then introduced. All combinations of audio, tactile and visual warnings for handovers were(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin frequently present in food and feedstuffs, produces a wide range of toxic effects, including cell death via lipid peroxidation. In one human and four animal cell lines we determined the half lethal concentration (LC50) of OTA, its effect on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and its ability to induce cytochrome p450(More)
Clonal cell lines (BME-UV) were established from primary epithelial cells by stable transfection with a plasmid, carrying the sequence of the simian virus 40 early region mutant tsA58, encoding the thermolabile large T antigen. The BME-UV cells have undergone more than 300 population doublings and produce intranuclear large T antigen. At low confluency,(More)
Although vitamin E has been known as an essential nutrient for almost 80 years, we are far from a complete understanding of all the aspects related to bioavailability and its effects on health and milk quality in dairy cows. Vitamin E is a generic descriptor for two families of lipid-soluble compounds, the tocopherols and the tocotrienols, of which(More)
Six pairs of monozygous Friesian twin cows during late lactation were used to assess the effect of once daily milking and bST treatment on yields and tight junction permeability of mammary epithelial cells. During the first 7 d, all cows were milked twice daily; on d 8 through d 21, all cows were milked once daily, but one cow of each twin pair was treated(More)
Several tissue remodeling events that require extracellular proteolysis are thought to be mediated by plasminogen activators that convert the inactive proenzyme plasminogen to active plasmin. The involvement of plasminogen activator in many biological phenomena reflects the ubiquitous presence of plasminogen and the ability of numerous cell types to(More)
The type and relative amounts of plasminogen activator (PA) in different fractions of bovine milk obtained from 15 Holstein cows were examined. Raw milk was centrifuged to separate skim milk and a somatic cell pellet. PA was mainly localized within the casein fraction, being 42 times that in the serum, and in association with somatic cells. The predominant(More)
The objectives of the present study were 1) to determine the heterogeneity of the MAC-T cell line; 2) to examine whether homogeneous clones could be derived from MAC-T cells; and 3) to examine cell morphology, cytoskeletal characteristics, size, colony-forming ability, growth characteristics, beta-casein production, response to oxytocin, and cytogenetic(More)
The ability of mammary macrophages treated with Staphylococcus aureus to induce antigen-specific T-cell proliferation was compared to that of the autologous blood monocytes. Induction of T-cell proliferation has been correlated with changes in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigen expression and interleukin 1 (IL-1) production by mammary(More)