Ioannis Morianos

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RATIONALE Little is known about what drives the appearance of lymphoid follicles (LFs), which may function as lymphoid organs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In animal infection models, pulmonary LF formation requires expression of homeostatic chemokines by stromal cells and dendritic cells, partly via lymphotoxin. OBJECTIVES To study the(More)
β-Globin locus control region (LCR) sequences have been widely used for the regulated expression of the human β-globin gene in therapeutic viral vectors. In this study, we compare the expression of the human β-globin gene from either the HS2/HS3 β-globin LCR or the HS40 regulatory element from the α-globin locus in the context of foamy virus (FV) vectors(More)
BACKGROUND Increased mortality rates in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are largely due to severe infectious exacerbations. Impaired respiratory immunity is linked to the enhanced susceptibility to infections. Dendritic cells (DCs) direct host immune responses toward immunity or tolerance. Pulmonary CD1c(+) DCs elicit robust(More)
Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells play a pivotal role in restraining human T-cell responses toward environmental allergens and protecting against allergic diseases. Still, the precise molecular cues that underlie their transcriptional and functional specification remain elusive. Here, we show that the cytokine activin-A instructs the generation of CD4+ T(More)
Activin-A is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates allergic inflammation. Its role in the regulation of angiogenesis, a key feature of airways remodelling in asthma, remains unexplored. Our objective was to investigate the expression of activin-A in asthma and its effects on angiogenesis in vitro.Expression of soluble/immunoreactive activin-A and its(More)
Surface class-II antigen expression fires-up the antigen presentation process and development of immune response. The absence of surface HLA-DR is used in various systems to avoid immune recognition. Most leukemic cells use such mechanism to escape immune surveillance. Here, K562 and HL-60 leukemic cells were examined as to intracellular HLA-DR, -DM and -DO(More)
The respiratory system is constantly in direct contact with the environment and, has therefore, developed strong innate and adaptive immune responses to combat pathogens. Unlike adaptive immunity which is mounted later in the course of the immune response and is naive at the outset, innate immunity provides the first line of defense against microbial(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we demonstrated that regulatory T (Treg) cells induced by the cytokine activin-A suppress TH2-mediated allergic responses and linked airway disease. Still, the effects of activin-A-induced regulatory T (Act-A-iTreg) cells on the regulation of dendritic cell (DC)-driven allergic inflammation remain elusive. OBJECTIVE Here we(More)
printing supported by . Visit Chiesi at Stand B2.10 TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4TH 2012 that lung DCs of COPD patients express low levels of co-stimulatory molecules, respond poorly to stimulation and display low ability to prime autologous lung T cells and allogeneic naive T cells. Importantly, naïve T cells primed with lung DCs from patients with COPD inhibit T(More)
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