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- Ioannis Karatzas, Constantinos Kardaras
- Finance and Stochastics
- 2007

We study the existence of the numéraire portfolio under predictable convex constraints in a general semimartingale model of a financial market. The numéraire portfolio generates a wealth process, with respect to which the relative wealth processes of all other portfolios are supermartingales. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the… (More)

Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in… (More)

A new characterization of excessive functions for arbitrary one–dimensional regular diffusion processes is provided, using the notion of concavity. It is shown that excessivity is equivalent to concavity in some suitable generalized sense. This permits a characterization of the value function of the optimal stopping problem as “the smallest nonnegative… (More)

We consider the problem of maximizing expected utility from consumption in a constrained incomplete semimartingale market with a random endowment process, and establish a general existence and uniqueness result using techniques from convex duality. The notion of “asymptotic elasticity” of Kramkov and Schachermayer is extended to the time-dependent case. By… (More)

- Fridrik M. Baldursson, Ioannis Karatzas
- Finance and Stochastics
- 1996

We establish the equivalence of competitive industry equilibrium with a central planner’s decision problem under uncertainty, when investment is irreversible. The existence of industry equilibrium is derived, and it is shown that myopic behavior on the part of small agents is harmless, in the sense that it leads to the same decisions as full rational… (More)

Stochastic Portfolio Theory is a flexible framework for analyzing portfolio behavior and equity market structure. This theory was introduced by E.R. Fernholz in the papers (Journal of Mathematical Economics, 1999; Finance & Stochastics, 2001) and in the monograph Stochastic Portfolio Theory (Springer 2002). It was further developed in the papers Fernholz,… (More)

- Ioannis Karatzas
- 2005

The problem of valuation for contingent claims that can be exercised at any time before or at maturity, such as American options, is discussed in the manner of Bensoussan [1]. We offer an approach which both simplifies and extends the results of existing theory on this topic.

We establish existence and uniqueness results for adapted solutions of backward stochastic differential equations (BSDE’s) with two reflecting barriers, generalizing the work of El Karoui, Kapoudjian, Pardoux, Peng and Quenez. Existence is proved first by solving a related pair of coupled optimal stopping problems, and then, under different conditions, via… (More)

- Ioannis Karatzas, Steven Kou
- Finance and Stochastics
- 1998

The valuation theory for American Contingent Claims, due to Bensoussan (1984) and Karatzas (1988), is extended to deal with constraints on portfolio choice, including incomplete markets and borrowing/short-selling constraints, or with different interest rates for borrowing and lending. In the unconstrained case, the classical theory provides a single… (More)

- IOANNIS KARATZAS
- 2006

We derive a formula for the minimal initial wealth needed to hedge an arbitrary contingent claim in a continuous-time model with proportional transaction costs; the expression obtained can be interpreted as the supremum of expected discounted values of the claim, over all (pairs of) probability measures under which the “wealth process” is a supermartingale.… (More)