Ioannis K. Zarkadis

Learn More
An outbreak of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection affected Roma populations living in three prefectures of northeastern Greece. Between July and November 2007, 124 cases were reported. We carried out investigations to characterize the pathogen, to identify the source of infection and the route of transmission. Using the RT-PCR technique, HAV strains of the(More)
The complement component C5 plays important roles in inflammatory responses and complement-mediated cytolysis. In bony fish, although C5 has been identified at the DNA or the protein level in trout, carp and gilthead seabream, only partial C5 sequences are available. The present study was designed to obtain the complete primary structure of C5 from the(More)
We have previously identified and characterized three distinct trout C3 proteins (C3-1, C3-3 and C3-4) that differ in their electrophoretic mobility, glycosylation patterns, reactivity with monospecific C3 antibodies, partial amino acid sequence and binding to various complement activators. To study the structural elements that determine the observed(More)
To gain further insight into the evolutionary history of the complement proteins C3, C4, and C5 we have now cloned the fifth component of complement from a rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver cDNA library; this is the first report of C5 cloning in a species other than human and mouse. The deduced amino acid sequence of a partial cDNA clone (2.25kb),(More)
During evolution two general systems of immunity have emerged: innate or, natural immunity and adaptive (acquired), or specific immunity. The innate system is phylogenetically older and is found in some form in all multicellular organisms, whereas the adaptive system appeared about 450 million years ago and is found in all vertebrates except jawless fish.(More)
Unlike mammalian species, several cold-blooded species have been shown to possess multiple forms of complement components. The multiple forms of C3 characterized in several fish species can bind with different specificities to various complement-activating surfaces. Here, Oriol Sunyer, Ioannis Zarkadis and John Lambris explore the possible advantages(More)
In all other species analyzed to date, the functionally active form of complement component C3 exists as the product of a single gene. We have now identified and characterized three functional C3 proteins (C3-1, C3-3, and C3-4) in trout that are the products of at least two distinct C3 genes. All three proteins are composed of an alpha-and a beta-chain and(More)
C7 is an integral component of the lytic pathway of complement, which interacts in a sequence of polymerization reactions with other terminal components to form the membrane attack complex. C7 plays a central role in the terminal complement cascade, since its incorporation into the nascent complex allows its hydrophilic-amphiphilic transition, which(More)
A case of Rhizobium radiobacter primary bacteraemia in a patient with solid tumours is reported. Corticosteroid therapy and diabetes mellitus were the predisposing factors. The patient was treated successfully with amikacin and piperacillin/tazobactam. The clinical isolate was identified as R. radiobacter by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Phytopathogenicity(More)
The beta 2 integrin CR3 is a leukocyte adhesion heterodimeric glycoprotein which functions both as receptor for iC3b and in several cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesion interactions. In order to elucidate the molecular evolution of the CR3 receptor, here we report the cloning and characterization of its beta2 (CD18) and aM (CD11b) subunits in rainbow trout(More)