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In this study we examined the performance of human subjects in three oculomotor tasks: a visually guided saccade task (VST), a simple antisaccade task (SAT) and a mirror antisaccade task (MAT). The stimulus presentation was identical for all three tasks, and the differentiation of the tasks was based on the instruction given to the subjects. Subjects were(More)
The aim of this study within the Athens Study of Psychosis Proneness and Incidence of Schizophrenia (ASPIS) was the examination of the latent structure of schizotypal dimensions among a large population of young male conscripts in the Greek Air Force during their first week of military training. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted on 1,355(More)
A population of 2,075 young men aged 18-25 years selected from the conscripts of the Greek Air Force performed an antisaccade task as part of a prospective study for the identification of risk factors in the development of psychoses. The aim of this study, which is ongoing, is to follow this population and investigate the possible predictive value of(More)
The term antisaccade refers to saccades that are performed towards the side opposite to that of target appearance. The performance of antisaccades is considered to be determined by intact frontal inhibitory areas as patients with frontal, and especially prefrontal, lesions show a striking impairment in suppressing an unwanted protarget saccade. We recorded(More)
Forty-seven normal subjects performed two-dimensional arm movements on a digitizer board using a mouse device. The movements were projected on a computer monitor. Subjects were instructed to move the mouse using the whole arm from a center position to a peripheral target so that the projected movement would pass over the target without stopping on the(More)
Fifteen healthy volunteers performed a memory-pointing task using their right arm while single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) above motor threshold was applied over the posterior parietal or prefrontal cortex of the left or right hemisphere in four blocks of trials. The stimulation was randomly delivered at one of three time intervals during(More)
BACKGROUND Mirroring schizophrenia, specific dimensions of schizotypy are related to cognitive dysfunction. The relation of schizotypy and state psychopathology to cognitive performance and its link to catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val(158) met genotype variations was studied in a large sample of young men. METHODS State psychopathology and(More)
Antisaccade performance was investigated in a sample of 2,006 young males as part of a large epidemiological study investigating psychosis proneness. This report summarizes the effects of task parameters on performance using a sample of 55,678 antisaccade trials collected from a subpopulation of 947 individuals. Neither the amplitude nor the latency of an(More)
Premovement cortical potentials were studied with 4 types of saccadic eye movement: (a) visually triggered saccades of normal reaction time (RT; regular saccades); (b) visually triggered saccades of extremely short RT (express saccades); (c) saccades towards predicted target locations (anticipatory saccades); (d) saccades back towards predicted location of(More)
Previous event-related potential (ERP) studies of eye movements were restricted to saccades, the rapid conjugate movements used to change direction of fixation. Our study explored ERP activity for vergence eye movements used for the adjustment of the angle of the visual axes to the distance of the object. These movements are essential when exploring the(More)