Ioannis Dragatsis

Learn More
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in several forms of long-term potentiation (LTP) at different hippocampal synapses. Using two-photon imaging of FM 1-43, a fluorescent marker of synaptic vesicle cycling, we find that BDNF is selectively required for those forms of LTP at Schaffer collateral synapses that recruit a presynaptic(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by an abnormal expansion of CAG repeats in the gene encoding huntingtin. The development of therapies for HD requires preclinical testing of drugs in animal models that reproduce the dysfunction and regionally specific pathology observed in HD. We have developed a new knock-in mouse model of HD with a chimeric mouse/human(More)
Inactivation of the mouse homologue of the Huntington disease gene (Hdh) results in early embryonic lethality. To investigate the normal function of Hdh in the adult and to evaluate current models for Huntington disease (HD), we have used the Cre/loxP site-specific recombination strategy to inactivate Hdh expression in the forebrain and testis, resulting in(More)
In the present study, we show a biphasic activation of hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1) after stroke that lasts for up to 10 d, suggesting the involvement of the HIF pathway in several aspects of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. We provide evidence that HIF-1-mediated responses have an overall beneficial role in the ischemic brain as(More)
Recent data in invertebrates demonstrated that huntingtin (htt) is essential for fast axonal trafficking. Here, we provide direct and functional evidence that htt is involved in fast axonal trafficking in mammals. Moreover, expression of full-length mutant htt (mhtt) impairs vesicular and mitochondrial trafficking in mammalian neurons in vitro and in whole(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is a devastating autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder. It is caused by expansion of a CAG repeat in the first exon of the huntingtin (HTT) gene that encodes a mutant HTT protein with a polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion at the amino terminus. Here, we demonstrate that WT HTT regulates ciliogenesis by interacting through(More)
Huntingtin is the protein mutated in Huntington's disease, a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. We demonstrate here that huntingtin is essential to control mitosis. Huntingtin is localized at spindle poles during mitosis. RNAi-mediated silencing of huntingtin in cells disrupts spindle orientation by mislocalizing the p150(Glued) subunit of dynactin,(More)
Body weight regulation is mediated through several major signaling pathways, some of which have been delineated by positional cloning of spontaneous genetic mutations in mice. Lepr db/db mice are obese due to a defect in the signaling portion of the leptin receptor, which has led to extensive study of this highly conserved system over the past several(More)
We examined the role of IGF signaling in the remyelination process by disrupting the gene encoding the type 1 IGF receptor (IGF1R) specifically in the mouse brain by Cre-mediated recombination and then exposing these mutants and normal siblings to cuprizone. This neurotoxicant induces a demyelinating lesion in the corpus callosum that is reversible on(More)