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OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of the position of the fetal neck on nuchal translucency measurement. DESIGN A prospective cross-sectional study. POPULATION One hundred and ninety-six. METHODS Nuchal translucency was measured in the mid-sagittal plane, with the fetal neck in the flexed, neutral and extended positions. Measurements were made to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the significance of certain soft ultrasonographic markers for chromosomal abnormalities in the first trimester. DESIGN This was a prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING University Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, London, UK. METHODS A total of 5385 women from an unselected population underwent a detailed assessment(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the value of early pregnancy sonography in detecting fetal abnormalities in an unselected obstetric population. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. All women initially underwent transabdominal sonography and when the anatomical survey was considered to be incomplete, transvaginal sonography was also performed (20.1%). Nuchal(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the sonographic screening for anencephaly in the first trimester in a low-risk obstetric population. METHODS Since 1994, 5388 women attended our clinic for a first-trimester scan (11-14 weeks of gestation) and screening for structural and chromosomal abnormalities. The patients underwent transabdominal scanning, and transvaginal(More)
The increasing use of laparoscopic surgery with more complicated procedures means that the use of multiple and larger ports is becoming commonplace. One well-known risk associated with the use of ports more than 10 mm in diameter is the development of an incisional hernia unless the deep fascia is closed adequately. This complication is estimated to follow(More)
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of placental lesions associated with blood pressure (BP) levels in pregnancies complicated by hypertension. Methods. 55 singleton pregnancies complicated by mild hypertension were recruited and compared to 55 pregnancies complicated by severe hypertension. The histological assessment was carried(More)
We present a case report of a foetus with Prune-Belly syndrome (PBS) which was diagnosed sonographically during the 13th week of gestation and review of the literature. Sonographic diagnosis was based on abnormally distended urinary bladder and abdomen and absence of 'keyhole sign'. Termination was performed on parental request and post-mortem examination(More)
Postoperative ascites is a rare complication of laparoscopic surgery. Life-threatening and serious etiologies such as unrecognized bowel or urinary tract injury should be excluded promptly to avoid prolonged morbidity and even mortality. Occasionally, no definitive cause can be identified after an extensive diagnostic work-up. In such cases, idiopathic(More)
BACKGROUND To facilitate extraction and avoid intra-abdominal spillage during laparoscopic removal of adnexal masses, various designs and sizes of endopouches (bags) have been used. We describe a simple technique using a special laparoscopic bag that requires no additional instruments to hold, open, or close the bag. TECHNIQUE The laparoscopic bag can be(More)
Vaginal hysterectomy has been demonstrated to be the cheapest route to perform a hysterectomy but no detailed costing has been performed in the United Kingdom. In this study the costs incurred by a UK teaching hospital for 30 women aged between 40 and 50 years of age undergoing either abdominal (AH), laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LH) were(More)