Ioannis A. Papayannopoulos

Learn More
The pathological findings of Alzheimer's disease include amyloid deposition in cerebral blood vessels and in senile plaques. Both deposits are known to include peptides that contain a common sequence. Both forms of amyloid were isolated and their peptide compositions were determined. The peptides were resolved by size-exclusion chromatography in 70% formic(More)
The activity of Tsp, a periplasmic endoprotease of Escherichia coli, has been characterized by assaying the cleavage of protein and peptide substrates, determining the cleavage sites in several substrates, and investigating the kinetics of the cleavage reaction. Tsp efficiently cleaves substrates that have apolar residues and a free alpha-carboxylate at the(More)
The gltX gene encoding the glutamyl-tRNA synthetase of Escherichia coli and adjacent regulatory regions was isolated and sequenced. The structural gene encodes a protein of 471 amino acids whose molecular weight is 53,810. The codon usage is that of genes highly expressed in E. coli. The amino acid sequence deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the gltX(More)
Mass spectrometry is a very powerful technique in the rapid determination of the structure of peptides. Synthetic peptides may be analyzed fully protected and partially or completely deprotected. Often, the molecular weight alone, readily obtained by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry, is sufficient to establish the nature of the product and whether it(More)
The amino acid sequence of a protease inhibitor isolated from the hemolymph of Sarcophaga bullata larvae was determined by tandem mass spectrometry. Homology considerations with respect to other protease inhibitors with known primary structures assisted in the choice of the procedure followed in the sequence determination and in the alignment of the various(More)
In this study we investigated recognition by ovarian tumor associated lymphocyte (OVTAL), and breast tumor associated lymphocytes (BRTAL), of peptides corresponding to the sequence 125-135 of the Aminoenhancer of split (AES) protein. Three of these peptides designated as G75:AES1/2 (128-135), G60: AES1/2 (127-137) and G61: AES1/2 (125-133) correspond to the(More)
The CA (capsid) protein of avian sarcoma and leukemia viruses occurs in multiple species. Only one form has been previously characterized biochemically. We have now determined that the mature CA protein of avian sarcoma and leukemia viruses exists as three species with different C termini, ending in amino acid residues A-476, A-478, and M-479 of the Gag(More)
Biomarkers are becoming increasingly important in the clinical management of complex diseases, yet our ability to discover new biomarkers remains limited by our dependence on endogenous molecules. Here we describe the development of exogenously administered 'synthetic biomarkers' composed of mass-encoded peptides conjugated to nanoparticles that leverage(More)
Alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (alpha-CHCA) as a matrix facilitates the ionization of proteins and peptides in a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer. The matrix itself also ionizes and so do its sodium and potassium adducts. Matrix clusters and metal ion adducts interfere with peptide ionization and(More)
Cisplatin is one of the most widely used anticancer drugs. Its side effects, however, have motivated researchers to search for equally effective analogs that are better tolerated. Selectively targeting cancer tissue is one promising strategy. For this purpose, a platinum(IV) complex was conjugated to the cancer-targeting peptide chlorotoxin (CTX, TM601) in(More)