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Stem cell transplantation was introduced as a mean of cell replacement therapy, but the mechanism by which it confers clinical improvement in experimental models of neurological diseases is not clear. Here, we transplanted neural precursor cells (NPCs) into the ventricles of mice at day 6 after induction of chronic experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis(More)
A retrospective questionnaire to determine the prevalence of febrile seizures was given to adolescents (16- and 17-year-olds) in the final 2 years of secondary school at the five schools in Alexandroupolis, Greece. Parents were interviewed, and clinical and electroencephalographic examinations were performed in all adolescents with a history of febrile(More)
Both inflammatory and neurodegenerative components may contribute to the clinical profile of multiple sclerosis (MS) leading to irreversible deficits when they exceed the threshold of compensation. The mechanisms leading to tissue injury in MS are complex. Inflammation appears to be caused by overactive pro-inflammatory T-helper 1 cells, initiating an(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a T helper 1 (Th1) mediated autoimmune disease and the principal animal model for multiple sclerosis (MS). Like MS, EAE is characterized by a coordinated inflammatory attack on the myelin sheath in the central nervous system (CNS), with damage to axons. No matter whether the ideal animal model is not yet(More)
Using 20 rabbits, we tried to establish a new model of experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) for examining both acute and chronic cerebral vasospasm. A cranial opening was drilled, and a puncture made on the posterior branch of the middle cerebral artery. A second puncture was made in the superior sagittal sinus for additional withdrawal of(More)
Although the coincidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and central nervous system (CNS) tumors has been reported in over 30 cases in English literature, meningioma growth was associated with interferon-beta (INF-b) treated MS only in two of them. We report the case of a 19-year-old woman with clinically possible, laboratory supported MS, and a concomitant(More)
Multiple sclerosis is no longer considered to simply be an autoimmune demyelinating disease. Axonal destruction is another central pathological feature and a contributor to the accumulating disability of disease progression. The mechanism underlying axonal pathology has not been fully clarified but does not appear to be a simple one. The relationship(More)
Cobalamin-deficient myelopathy is a neurologic disorder manifesting progressive symptoms of paresthesiae and spastic paralysis. The pathologic changes initially involve the posterior columns of the cervical and upper thoracic cord. The authors present the case of a patient with cobalamin deficiency with preferential posterior columns involvement, as(More)
We report serial MR findings in a 54-year-old woman with eosinophilic meningoencephalitis due to Toxocara canis infection, a parasitic disease contracted through exposure with soil contaminated by the eggs of the roundworm. MR imaging revealed several enhancing subcortical and white matter lesions in both lobes. Antihelminthic chemotherapy yielded marked(More)
sive alternative to glycopeptides for the treatment of MRSA infections. Data from the United States and Europe have shown that vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus isolates also remain susceptible to some of the conventional antimicrobial drugs, including co-trimoxazole (5). If their efficacy in vivo is validated by clinical trials , use of these conventional(More)