Ioanna Pavlopoulou

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BACKGROUND In Greece, several new childhood vaccines were introduced recently but were reimbursed gradually and at different time points. The aim of this study was to assess immunization coverage and identify factors influencing complete and age-appropriate vaccination among children attending public nurseries in the municipal district of Athens. METHODS(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of a short course of a lipid formulation of amphotericin B (L-AmB) for the treatment of Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis (VL), an open prospective study was conducted. Forty-one children with parasitologically confirmed leishmaniasis received L-AmB, 10 mg/kg daily for 2 days. The comparison groups were 30 children who, in a(More)
In order to target the appropriate age population for booster vaccination, we examined the antibody titres against pertussis toxin (PT) in different age groups in immunized and non-immunized individuals. In the immunized population, the highest anti-PT levels were observed in the 0- to 2-y age group and the lowest in the teenager and young adult groups. In(More)
UNLABELLED A retrospective study was conducted to identify the epidemiologic characteristics of invasive pneumococcal infections among children <14 y of age in our geographic region. During a 5-y period, from 1995 to 1999, 590 cases of invasive pneumococcal infection were identified in Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. The male to female(More)
To determine the rate of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and identify risk factors associated with HCV transmission we prospectively studied 86 infants born to anti-HCV positive mothers. HCV infection was verified in all mothers before delivery and their HCV viral load was measured at or near delivery using reverse transcription(More)
An outbreak of enterovirus infection occurred among neonates in a maternity hospital between July 7 and 22, 1999. Twenty neonates became ill (18 confirmed and two probable), an attack rate of 33%. The incubation period ranged from three to six days (mean, 4.2). The male:female ratio was 11:9 and the mean age at the onset of illness was 5.5 days. All the(More)
The impact of prioritization and of timing of vaccination strategies on reducing transmission of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) was evaluated in a community with the structure of the Greek population using a stochastic simulation model. Prioritization scenarios were based on the recommendations of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Two-dimensional shear-wave elastography (2D-SWE) is a new elastographic technique that is increasingly being used across several indications. We assessed the reliability and applicability of 2D-SWE in patients with various chronic liver diseases and attempted to identify parameters potentially affecting liver stiffness. METHODS We included(More)
The National Vaccination Programme (NVP) is an exceptionally effective intervention in the field of public health, aiming at eliminating mortality caused by diseases for which there are available vaccines. Background: The study aims at recording the factors that determine parents’ level of knowledge about vaccines and their attitudes in Greece. Methods: A(More)
Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) are currently among the most important nosocomial pathogens in many geographic regions. A retrospective study was conducted between 2010 and 2014 in four hospitals located in a high-prevalence area (Athens, Greece) to describe the clinical features, treatment and outcomes of neutropenic patients with(More)