Ioanna Kyrikou

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It has been shown that the partitioning of vinblastine in 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) single and multiple bilayer dispersions induces partial interdigitation of the lipid alkyl chains. Similar behavior has been observed for abietic and ursodeoxycholic acids and may well be generalized for the partitioning of bulky amphoteric(More)
The conformational properties of AT1 antagonist valsartan have been analyzed both in solution and at the binding site of the receptor. Low energy conformations of valsartan in solution were explored by NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling studies. The NMR results showed the existence of two distinct and almost isoenergetic conformations for valsartan(More)
Physicochemical methods were used to study the thermal and dynamic changes caused by losartan in the membrane bilayers. In addition, molecular modeling was implemented to explore its topography both in membranes and AT(1) receptor. Its incorporation resulted in the modification of thermal profile of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers in a(More)
Differential scanning calorimetry has been employed to study the thermal effects of vinblastine sulfate upon aqueous, single and multiple bilayer dispersions of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC). The calorimetric results summarized to an increase in the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition enthalpy and the abolishment of the L(beta)'(More)
The thermal effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) meloxicam, tenoxicam, piroxicam and lornoxicam have been studied in dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) membrane bilayers using neutral and acidic environments (pH 2.5). The strength of the perturbing effect of the drugs is summarized to a lowering of the main phase transition(More)
Peptidomimitism is applied to the medicinal chemistry in order to synthesize drugs that devoid of the disadvantages of peptides. AT1 antagonists constitute a new generation of drugs for the treatment of hypertension designed and synthesized to mimic the C-terminal segment of Angiotensin II and to block its binding action on AT1 receptor. An effort was made(More)
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) has been employed to investigate the thermal changes caused by the anticancer alkaloid drug vinorelbine in dipalmytoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers. The total enthalpy change was increased by the presence of the drug molecule, indicating a partial interdigitation of the lipid alkyl chains. The presence of(More)
Biological membranes play an essential role in the drug action. They constitute the first barrier for drugs to exert their biological action. AT1 antagonists are amphiphilic molecules and are hypothesized to act on AT1 receptor through incorporation (first step) and lateral diffusion through membrane bilayers (second step). Various biophysical methods along(More)
Three series of ring-substituted ether phospholipids were synthesized carrying N,N,N-trimethylammonium, N-methylpiperidino, or N-methylmorpholino headgroups. The first series is substituted by 2-cyclohexyloxyethyl or 2-(4-alkylidenecyclohexyloxy)ethyl groups, the second series by cyclohexylidenealkyl or adamantylidenealkyl moieties, and the third series by(More)
Sclareol (labd-14-ene-8,13-diol) is a highly water-insoluble molecule that belongs to the labdane type diterpenes and is characterized as a biologically active molecule, due to its cytotoxic and cytostatic effects against human leukemic cell lines. A superimposition study between sclareol and cholesterol, based on their corresponding hydrophobic and polar(More)