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The dopaminergic innervation of the developing caudate-putamen (patches and matrix) and nucleus accumbens (shell and core) of the rat was examined with light and electron microscope immunocytochemistry, using antibodies against dopamine. Light microscopic analysis showed, in accordance with previous studies, that early in life, dopaminergic fibers were(More)
The distribution and morphology of neurons labelled with antisera to glutamate or aspartate were examined, at the light and electron microscope levels, in the rat visual cortex. Using widely accepted light microscopic features as well as well-established nuclear, cytoplasmic, and synaptic criteria, we noted that glutamate-immunoreactive neurons were(More)
The development of the serotonergic innervation of the lateral ventricles of the rat brain during the first five postnatal weeks was studied with immunocytochemical techniques at the light and electron microscopic levels. In the lateral ventricles of newborn rats serotonergic fibers are only rarely seen. During the first postnatal week the number of(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been suggested to have beneficial effects on animal models of traumatic brain injury (TBI), owing to their neurotrophic and immunomodulatory properties. Adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are multipotent MSC that can be harvested with minimally invasive methods, show a high proliferative capacity, low(More)
The development of the basal forebrain projections to the visual cortex of the rat were studied using retrograde tracer techniques. Injections of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase placed in the visual cortex of newborn animals resulted in labelling of neurons throughout the basal forebrain nuclei. Although at this time the overall distribution of(More)
The serotonergic innervation of the developing superior colliculus and ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus of the rat were studied with light and electron microscope immunocytochemistry. We compared the pattern of innervation and synaptic organization of the serotonin (5-HT) system in the superficial and deep layers of the superior colliculus. We also(More)
Evidence suggests that neurotrophins are essential for the survival and phenotypic maintenance of cholinergic basal forebrain (BF) neurons. We evaluated the pattern of programmed cell death in the BF of the rat during development and after ablations of the cerebral cortex, a major target area and source of neurotrophins for BF neurons. We identified dying(More)
Neural precursor cells (NPCs) located in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus (DG) give rise to thousands of new cells every day, mainly hippocampal neurons, which are integrated into existing neuronal circuits. Aging and chronic degenerative disorders have been shown to impair hippocampal neurogenesis, but the consequence of inflammation is(More)
The cholinergic innervation of the rat cerebral cortex was examined in pre- and postnatal life using immunohistochemistry with a monoclonal antibody directed against choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). Our observations show that there are two separate phases in the development of the cholinergic innervation of the rat neocortex. The first, a transient phase,(More)
Immunohistochemistry, with antisera directed against glutamate (Glu) or aspartate (Asp), was combined with wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) histochemistry to examine the distribution, morphology, and proportions of Glu- and Asp-containing neurons that give rise to corticofugal and callosal projections of the rat visual cortex. WGA-HRP(More)