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The freezing step influences lyophilization efficiency and protein stability. The main objective of this work was to investigate the impact on the primary drying stage of an ultrasound controlled ice nucleation technology, compared with usual freezing protocols. Lyophilization cycles involving different freezing protocols (applying a constant shelf cooling(More)
After eating a liquid or a semi-liquid food product, a thin film responsible for the dynamic profile of aroma release coats the pharyngeal mucosa. The aim of this article was to analyse the fluid mechanics of pharyngeal peristalsis and to develop a simple biomechanical model in order to understand the role of saliva and food bolus viscosity on the coating(More)
After swallowing a liquid or a semi-liquid food product, a thin film responsible for the dynamic profile of aroma release coats the pharyngeal mucosa. The objective of the present article was to understand and quantify physical mechanisms explaining pharyngeal mucosa coating. An elastohydrodynamic model of swallowing was developed for Newtonian liquids that(More)
The paper describes a mechanistic mathematical model for aroma release in the oropharynx to the nasal cavity during food consumption. The model is based on the physiology of the swallowing process and is validated with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization coupled with mass spectrometry measurements of aroma concentration in the nasal cavity of subjects(More)
Lyophilizing frozen pellets, and especially spray freeze-drying, have been receiving growing interest. To design efficient and safe freeze-drying cycles, local temperature and moisture content in the product bed have to be known, but both are difficult to measure in the industry. Mathematical modeling of heat and mass transfer helps to determine local(More)
The phase ratio variation (PRV) method is widely used for the determination of partition coefficient values (dimensionless Henry's law constants) by headspace gas chromatography. Traditional data processing by linear regression has several drawbacks: potential bias introduced by linearization, absence of quality indicator of the resulting value and, in case(More)
The aim of this study was to gain knowledge about the role of triacylglycerol (TAG) composition in fatty acids (FA) of o/w emulsions on both the pancreatic lipolysis kinetics and the bioaccessibility of released products (i.e. contained within the bile salt micellar phase). A mathematical model was developed and its predictions were compared to a set of(More)
The objective of this study was to analyse the viscosity effect of liquid Newtonian products on aroma release, taking human physiological characteristics into account. In vivo release of diacetyl from glucose syrup solutions varying widely in viscosity (from 0.7 to 405mPas) was assessed by five panelists using Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry(More)
A mechanistic model predicting flavour release during oral processing of masticated foods was developed. The description of main physiological steps (product mastication and swallowing) and physical mechanisms (mass transfer, product breakdown and dissolution) occurring while eating allowed satisfactory simulation of in vivo release profiles of ethyl(More)