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Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an important immunosuppressive virus of chickens. The virus is ubiquitous and, under natural conditions, chickens acquire infection by the oral route. IgM+ cells serve as targets for the virus. The most extensive virus replication takes place in the bursa of Fabricius. The acute phase of the disease lasts for about(More)
Anxiety is common among adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and may amplify the core social disability, thus necessitating combined treatment approaches. This pilot, randomized controlled trial evaluated the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of the Multimodal Anxiety and Social Skills Intervention (MASSI) program in a sample of 30(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an avian lymphotropic virus that causes immunosuppression. When specific-pathogen-free chickens were exposed to a pathogenic strain of IBDV (IM), the virus rapidly destroyed B cells in the bursa of Fabricius. Extensive viral replication was accompanied by an infiltration of T cells in the bursa. We studied the(More)
A rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nakdong) cDNA clone, Oshsp26, encoding the chloroplast-localized small heat shock protein (smHSP) was isolated. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA and the result of screening of a cDNA library indicated that the Oshsp26 gene is encoded by a single gene in the rice genome. The Oshsp26 gene was expressed following heat stress:(More)
A Physical Unclonable Function (PUF) is a promising solution to many security issues due its ability to generate a die unique identifier that can resist cloning attempts as well as physical tampering. However, the efficiency of a PUF depends on its implementation cost, its reliability, its resiliency to attacks, and the amount of entropy in it. PUF entropy(More)
A number of non-virally and non-chemically immortalized chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells have been established recently in continuous cell culture. All immortal CEF cells tested showed common genetic alterations in the expression patterns of p53 and E2F-1 mRNA and protein which were down- and up-regulated, respectively. The biological effects of(More)
We examined the effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) on splenic T cells and macrophages. In acute IBDV infection, splenocytes responded poorly to Con A stimulation. However, when T cells were isolated from whole spleen cells, purified T cells responded normally to Con A. This result indicated that functional T cells were present in the spleen(More)
We studied the long-term effect of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in chickens. Specifically, the restoration of virus-induced bursal lesions and the duration of humoral immunodeficiency were examined. One-week-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were intraocularly inoculated with an intermediate vaccine strain (IBDV-Vac) or a virulent strain(More)
To determine whether and how laboratory and natural selection act on the hsp70 (70-Kd heat-shock protein) genes of Drosophila melanogaster, we examined hsp70 allele frequencies in two sets of populations. First, five populations reared at different temperatures for more than 20 years differentially fixed both a large insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism(More)
Educating dendritic cells (DC) to become tolerogenic DC, which promote regulatory IL-10 immune responses, represents an effective immune evasion strategy for pathogens. Yersinia pestis virulence factor LcrV is reported to induce IL-10 production via interaction with Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2. However, TLR2-/- mice are not protected against subcutaneous(More)