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Topoisomerase I has been identified as an intracellular target of camptothecin, a plant alkaloid with anticancer activity. Various lines of evidence suggest that the sensitivity of cells to this drug is directly related to the topoisomerase I content. In humans, the levels of topoisomerase I have been shown to be elevated in colorectal tumors, compared to(More)
The development of acquired resistance to ErbB2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors limits the clinical efficacy of this class of cancer therapeutics. Little is known about the mechanism(s) of acquired resistance to these agents. Here we establish a model of acquired resistance to N-{3-chloro-4-[(3-fluorobenzyl) oxy]phenyl}-6-[5-({[2(More)
A long-standing question in cancer biology has been the extent to which DNA repair may be altered during the process of carcinogenesis. We have shown recently that DNA polymerase beta (beta-pol) provides a rate-determining function during in vitro repair of abasic sites by one of the mammalian DNA base excision repair pathways. Therefore, altered expression(More)
Escherichia coli DNA photolyase binds to DNA containing pyrimidine dimers with high affinity and then breaks the cyclobutane ring joining the two pyrimidines of the dimer in a light- (300-500 nm) dependent reaction. In order to determine the structural features important for this level of specificity, we have constructed a 43 base pair (bp) long DNA(More)
UvrABC excision nuclease (UvrA, UvrB, and UvrC proteins) of Escherichia coli removes nucleotide mono- and diadducts from DNA in the form of oligonucleotides 12 or 13 bases long. We find that the purified enzyme dissociates from DNA very slowly, if at all, in the absence of other proteins implicated in excision repair. Addition of DNA polymerase I and(More)
Trastuzumab antitumor activity in ErbB2-overexpressing breast cancers seems to be dependent upon the presence of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), a phosphatase that dampens phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt signaling. Consequently, PTEN deficiency, which occurs in 50% of breast cancers, predicts for resistance to trastuzumab(More)
Polo-like kinase 3 (Plk3, previously termed Prk) contributes to regulation of M phase of the cell cycle (Ouyang, B., Pan, H., Lu, L., Li, J., Stambrook, P., Li, B., and Dai, W. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 28646-28651). Plk3 physically interacts with Cdc25C and phosphorylates this protein phosphatase predominantly on serine 216 (Ouyang, B., Li, W., Pan, H.,(More)
Mammalian cell nuclei contain three biochemically distinct DNA ligases. In the present study we have found high levels of DNA ligase I and DNA ligase III activity in bovine testes and have purified DNA ligase III to near homogeneity. The high level of DNA ligase III suggests a role for this enzyme in meiotic recombination. In assays measuring the fidelity(More)
The ABC excision nuclease of Escherichia coli is an ATP-dependent DNA repair enzyme composed of three protein subunits, UvrA, UvrB and UvrC. The DNA sequences of all three genes have been reported. UvrA, the component that binds directly to the DNA, and UvrB, which attaches itself to the UvrA-DNA complex, both contain consensus sequences though to be(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the uvrA gene of Escherichia coli. The coding region of the gene is 2820 base pairs which specifies a protein of 940 amino acids and Mr = 103,874. The polypeptide sequence predicted from the DNA sequence was confirmed by analyzing the UvrA protein: the sequence of the first 7 NH2-terminal amino acids as well as(More)