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The biosynthetic pathways of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) in microalgae, in general, and inPorphyridium cruentum, in particular, are not known. Some of the putative intermediates along the suggested pathways could not be detected probably due to their low endogenous level. In order to increase the endogenous levels of the intermediates, we provided(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exogenously supplied to the red microalga Porphyridium cruentum were incorporated into cellular lipids. All the C18 PUFAs studied were desaturated by a delta 6-desaturase and all the C20 PUFAs by a delta 5-desaturase. The latter enzyme desaturated even 20:2(11, 14) to 20:3(5, 11, 14) and 20:3(11, 14, 17) to 20:4(5, 11,(More)
Salt-excreting leaves of Atriplex halimus plants harvested in the central Negev Highlands of Israel were screened for yeasts inhabiting their surfaces. Several aerobic, moderately salt- and alkali-tolerant yeasts were isolated. One of the isolates (tentatively designated S-8) was identified as Yarrowia lipolytica (Wick.) van der Walt and Arx, on the basis(More)
The amino acid cysteine plays a major role in plant response to abiotic stress by being the donor of elemental sulfur for the sulfuration of the molybdenum cofactor, otherwise the last step of ABA biosynthesis, the oxidation of abscisic aldehyde, is inactivated. Additionally, cysteine serves as a precursor for the biosynthesis of glutathione, the reactive(More)
In response to oxidative stress the biosynthesis of the ROS scavenger, glutathione is induced. This requires the induction of the sulfate reduction pathway for an adequate supply of cysteine, the precursor for glutathione. Cysteine also acts as the sulfur donor for the sulfuration of the molybdenum cofactor, crucial for the last step of ABA biosynthesis.(More)
Treating the red alga, Porphyridium cruentum, with the herbicide, SAN 9785, an inhibitor of chloroplastic o~3-desaturation, resulted in a decrease in the proportion of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), especially in monogalactosyldiacylglycerols (MGDG). However, when the eustigmatophyte, Monodus subterraneus, was treated with this herbicide, the proportion of(More)
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