Inna Aphasizheva

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The insertion and deletion of U residues at specific sites in mRNAs in trypanosome mitochondria is thought to involve 3' terminal uridylyl transferase (TUTase) activity. TUTase activity is also required to create the nonencoded 3' oligo[U] tails of the transacting guide RNAs (gRNAs). We have described two TUTases, RET1 (RNA editing TUTase 1) and RET2 (RNA(More)
A stable 100-kD complex from mitochondria of Leishmania tarentolae containing two RNA-binding proteins, Ltp26 and Ltp28, was identified by cross-linking to unpaired 4-thiouridine nucleotides in a partially duplex RNA substrate. The genes were cloned and expressed and the complex was reconstituted from recombinant proteins in the absence of RNA or additional(More)
3'-Uridylylation of RNA is emerging as a phylogenetically widespread phenomenon involved in processing events as diverse as uridine insertion/deletion RNA editing in mitochondria of trypanosomes and small nuclear RNA (snRNA) maturation in humans. This reaction is catalyzed by terminal uridylyltransferases (TUTases), which are template-independent RNA(More)
A 3' terminal RNA uridylyltransferase was purified from mitochondria of Leishmania tarentolae and the gene cloned and expressed from this species and from Trypanosoma brucei. The enzyme is specific for 3' U-addition in the presence of Mg(2+). TUTase is present in vivo in at least two stable configurations: one contains a approximately 500 kDa TUTase(More)
Expression of mitochondrial genomes in Kinetoplastida protists requires massive uracil insertion/deletion mRNA editing. The cascade of editing reactions is accomplished by a multiprotein complex, the 20S editosome, and is directed by trans-acting guide RNAs. Two distinct RNA terminal uridylyl transferases (TUTases), RNA Editing TUTase 1 (RET1) and RNA(More)
Expression of the trypanosomal mitochondrial genome requires the insertion and deletion of uridylyl residues at specific sites in pre-mRNAs. RET2 terminal uridylyl transferase is an integral component of the RNA editing core complex (RECC) and is responsible for the guide-RNA-dependent U insertion reaction. By analyzing RNA-interference-based knock-in(More)
Terminal uridyltransferases (TUTases) execute 3' RNA uridylation across protists, fungi, metazoan and plant species. Uridylation plays a particularly prominent role in RNA processing pathways of kinetoplastid protists typified by the causative agent of African sleeping sickness, Trypanosoma brucei In mitochondria of this pathogen, most mRNAs are internally(More)
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