Inna Aphasizheva

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In the mitochondria of trypanosomatids, the majority of mRNAs undergo massive uracil-insertion/deletion editing. Throughout the processes of pre-mRNA polyadenylation, guide RNA (gRNA) uridylylation and annealing to mRNA, and editing reactions, several multiprotein complexes must engage in transient interactions to produce a template for protein synthesis.(More)
A stable 100-kD complex from mitochondria of Leishmania tarentolae containing two RNA-binding proteins, Ltp26 and Ltp28, was identified by cross-linking to unpaired 4-thiouridine nucleotides in a partially duplex RNA substrate. The genes were cloned and expressed and the complex was reconstituted from recombinant proteins in the absence of RNA or additional(More)
The insertion and deletion of U residues at specific sites in mRNAs in trypanosome mitochondria is thought to involve 3' terminal uridylyl transferase (TUTase) activity. TUTase activity is also required to create the nonencoded 3' oligo[U] tails of the transacting guide RNAs (gRNAs). We have described two TUTases, RET1 (RNA editing TUTase 1) and RET2 (RNA(More)
A multiprotein, high molecular weight complex active in both U-insertion and U-deletion as judged by a pre-cleaved RNA editing assay was isolated from mitochondrial extracts of Leishmania tarentolae by the tandem affinity purification (TAP) procedure, using three different TAP-tagged proteins of the complex. This editing- or E-complex consists of at least(More)
A 3' terminal RNA uridylyltransferase was purified from mitochondria of Leishmania tarentolae and the gene cloned and expressed from this species and from Trypanosoma brucei. The enzyme is specific for 3' U-addition in the presence of Mg(2+). TUTase is present in vivo in at least two stable configurations: one contains a approximately 500 kDa TUTase(More)
The majority of trypanosomal mitochondrial pre-mRNAs undergo massive uridine insertion/deletion editing, which creates open reading frames. Although the pre-editing addition of short 3' A tails is known to stabilize transcripts during and after the editing, the processing event committing the fully edited mRNAs to translation remained unknown. Here, we show(More)
Enzymes embedded into the RNA editing core complex (RECC) catalyze the U-insertion/deletion editing cascade to generate open reading frames in trypanosomal mitochondrial mRNAs. The sequential reactions of mRNA cleavage, U-addition or removal, and ligation are directed by guide RNAs (gRNAs). We combined proteomic, genetic, and functional studies with(More)
RNA editing is a collective term referring to enzymatic processes that change RNA sequence apart from splicing, 5' capping or 3' extension. In this article, we focus on uridine insertion/deletion mRNA editing found exclusively in mitochondria of kinetoplastid protists. This type of editing corrects frameshifts, introduces start and stops codons, and often(More)
The catalytic, RNA-binding and oligomerization domains of the RNA-editing terminal uridylyl transferase 1 (RET1) from Leishmania tarentolae mitochondria were characterized by mutational analysis. Significant N- and C-terminal portions of the protein were found to be dispensable for UTP polymerization in vitro. Changes of conserved amino acids in the active(More)
3'-Uridylylation of RNA is emerging as a phylogenetically widespread phenomenon involved in processing events as diverse as uridine insertion/deletion RNA editing in mitochondria of trypanosomes and small nuclear RNA (snRNA) maturation in humans. This reaction is catalyzed by terminal uridylyltransferases (TUTases), which are template-independent RNA(More)