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The application of Cd inhibited the development of mycelia of the saprobe fungi Fusarium concolor and Trichoderma koningii and the hyphal length of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Glomus mosseae and G. deserticola in vitro. The application to soil of 25 and 50 mg l –1 of Cd decreased the shoot dry weight, the percentage of AM root length colonization and(More)
Dry olive mill residue (DOR) from the olive oil production by two phase centrifugation system was fractionated by a consecutive continuous solid-liquid extraction obtaining the EAF, PF, MF and WF fractions with ethyl acetate, n-propanol, methanol and water, respectively. The chemical, chromatographic and mass spectrometric analyses showed EAF, PF and MF to(More)
The saprophytic fungi Wardomyces inflatus (Marchal) Hennebert, Paecilomyces farinosus (Holm & Gray) A. H. S. Brown & G. Sm., Gliocladium roseum Bain., sterile dark mycelium (SDM-54), Trichoderma pseudokoningii Rifai and Trichoderma harzianum Rifai were isolated from sporocarps of Glomus mosseae. The effect of saprophytic fungi on G. mosseae spore(More)
The production of hydrolytic enzymes from external mycelia associated with roots and colonized soybean roots (Glycine max L.) inoculated with different arbuscular-mycorrhizal (AM) fungi of the genus GLOMUS:, and the possible relationship between these activities and the capacity of the AM fungi to colonize plant roots was studied. There were differences in(More)
Olive oil extraction generates large amounts of olive mill residues (DOR) which may be used as fertilizer. The influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) on the phytotoxicity of dry olive residue (DOR) transformed with saprophytic fungi was studied. Aqueous extraction of DOR gave an (ADOR) fraction and an exhausted (SDOR) fraction, both of which had less(More)
The presence of high concentrations of arsenic (As) decreased the shoot and root dry weight, chlorophyll and P and Mg content of Eucalyptus globulus colonized with the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi Glomus deserticola or G. claroideum, but these parameters were higher than in non-AM plants. As increased the percentage of AM length colonization and(More)
The strains PAl5 and UAP5541 of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus were able to produce endoglucanase (EG), endopolymethylgalacturonase (EPMG) and endoxyloglucanase (EXG) enzymes using sucrose or the corresponding substrate as the sole source of carbon. The results indicate that the hydrolytic activity of the PAl5 strain was inducible, whereas that of the(More)
Sewage sludge is widely used as an organic soil amendment to improve soil fertility. We investigated the effects of sewage sludge (SS) application on certain biological parameters of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. The plant was either uninoculated or inoculated with saprobe fungi (Coriolopsis rigida and Trichoderma harzianum) or arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM)(More)
Effects of the saprophytic fungus Fusarium oxysporum on arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization and plant dry matter were studied in greenhouse and field experiments. Host plants: maize (Zea mays L.), sorghum (Sorghum vulgare L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.), wheat (Triticum vulgare L), lentil (Ervum lens L.) and pea(More)
The presence of high levels of Cu in soil decreases the shoot and root dry weights of Eucalyptus globulus. However, higher plant tolerance of Cu has been observed in the presence of the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus deserticola. The hyphal length of G. deserticola was sensitive to low Cu concentrations, and the percentage of AM root colonisation(More)