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Spatial scan statistics are widely used for count data to detect geographical disease clusters of high or low incidence, mortality or prevalence and to evaluate their statistical significance. Some data are ordinal or continuous in nature, however, so that it is necessary to dichotomize the data to use a traditional scan statistic for count data. There is(More)
Higher-order chromatin structure is emerging as an important regulator of gene expression. Although dynamic chromatin structures have been identified in the genome, the full scope of chromatin dynamics during mammalian development and lineage specification remains to be determined. By mapping genome-wide chromatin interactions in human embryonic stem (ES)(More)
Understanding the diversity of human tissues is fundamental to disease and requires linking genetic information, which is identical in most of an individual's cells, with epigenetic mechanisms that could have tissue-specific roles. Surveys of DNA methylation in human tissues have established a complex landscape including both tissue-specific and invariant(More)
CTCF and the associated cohesin complex play a central role in insulator function and higher-order chromatin organization of mammalian genomes. Recent studies identified a correlation between the orientation of CTCF-binding sites (CBSs) and chromatin loops. To test the functional significance of this observation, we combined CRISPR/Cas9-based(More)
Histone-modifying enzymes play a pivotal role in gene expression and repression. In human, DOT1L (Dot1-like) is the only known histone H3 lysine 79 methyltransferase. hDOT1L is associated with transcriptional activation, but the general mechanism connecting hDOT1L to active transcription remains largely unknown. Here, we report that hDOT1L interacts with(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this retrospective study was to develop and validate a simple diagnostic prediction model by using ultrasound (US) features of thyroid nodules obtained from multicenter retrospective data. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patient data were collected from 20 different institutions and the data included 2000 thyroid nodules from 1796(More)
BACKGROUND Music education affects the mathematical and visuo-spatial skills of school-age children. Visuo-spatial abilities have a significant effect on laparoscopic suturing performance. We hypothesize that prior music experience influences the performance of laparoscopic suturing tasks. METHODS Thirty novices observed a laparoscopic suturing task(More)
Maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is essential for the formation of a new individual, but is still poorly understood despite recent progress in analysis of gene expression and DNA methylation in early embryogenesis. Dynamic histone modifications may have important roles in MZT, but direct measurements of chromatin states have been hindered by technical(More)
Almost all diseases affect blood vessel attributes (vessel number, radius, tortuosity, and branching pattern). Quantitative measurement of vessel attributes over relevant vessel populations could thus provide an important means of diagnosing and staging disease. Unfortunately, little is known about the statistical properties of vessel attributes. In(More)
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) have a key role in regulating cell functions. Consequently, identification of PTM sites has a significant impact on understanding protein function and revealing cellular signal transductions. Especially, phosphorylation is a ubiquitous process with a large portion of proteins undergoing this modification. Experimental(More)