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RATIONALE Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) results in attenuated development of hypertension in deoxycorticosterone acetate-induced hypertensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats. However, the molecular mechanism remains elusive. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that HDAC inhibition attenuates transcriptional activity of mineralocorticoid(More)
Stress proteins have been implicated in pathological cardiovascular conditions. We hypothesized that a heat-shock response modulates contractility of vascular smooth muscles. Rat aortic ring preparations were mounted in organ baths, exposed to 42°C for 45 min, and subjected to contractions. Expression of HSP70 and phosphorylation of myosin light chain were(More)
In the present study, we investigated the neurotoxicity of bisphenol A [BPA; 2,2-bis-(4 hydroxyphenyl) propane] and the underlying mechanisms of action in mouse hippocampal HT-22 cells. BPA, known to be a xenoestrogen, is used in the production of water bottles, cans, and teeth suture materials. BPA-treated HT-22 cells showed lower cell viability than did(More)
It is now well known that 17β-estradiol has an endothelium-independent, non-genomic vasorelaxant effect. We hypothesized that 17β-estradiol has its non-genomic effect on calcium-independent contraction in de-endothelialized rat aortic rings. Rat aortic ring preparations were mounted in organ baths and exposed to contractile agents. 17β-Estradiol (8, 20 or(More)
Heat shock has been known to change cellular responses to noxious stimuli by inducing heat-shock proteins (Hsps). We hypothesized that a heat-shock response modulates cytokine production in murine aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). VSMCs were exposed to 44°C for 15–60 min, and subjected to interleukin-1β (IL-1β) or tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα),(More)
Isoflavones decrease blood pressure, improve lipid profiles, and restore vascular function. We hypothesized that isoflavone attenuates vascular contraction by inhibiting RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway. Rat aortic rings were denuded of endothelium, mounted in organ baths, and contracted with 11,9 epoxymethano-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (U46619), a(More)
We hypothesized that 17β-estradiol attenuates vascular contraction through inhibition of RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Rat aortic rings were contracted with cumulative addition of U46619, NaF, KCl or PDBu 30 min after pretreatment with 17β-estradiol (10, 30, and 100 μM) or vehicle. We measured the amount of GTP RhoA and the level of phosphorylation of the myosin(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that flavone inhibits vascular contractions by decreasing the phosphorylation levelof the myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT1). In the present study, we hypothesized that flavone attenuates vascular contractions through the inhibition of the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Rat aortic rings were denuded of endothelium, mounted(More)
The renin-angiotensin system has been implicated in the development of hypertension and damages several organs. The expressions of the components of a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the hypertensive rats differ from those of the normotensive rats. We hypothesized that local tissue-specific upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) in(More)