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Dessy, Chantal, Inkyeom Kim, Carrie L. Sougnez, Regent Laporte, and Kathleen G. Morgan. A role for MAP kinase in differentiated smooth muscle contraction evoked by a-adrenoceptor stimulation. Am. J. Physiol. 275 (Cell Physiol. 44): C1081–C1086, 1998.—The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential role of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in(More)
Hypoxia is an important biological signal that regulates a wide variety of physiological responses. At the same time, hypoxia is involved in multiple pathological situations. In particular, hypoxia is closely associated with neural injury in the brain. Hypoxia has been recently proposed as a neuroinflammatogen, as it can induce the inflammatory activation(More)
In the present study, we investigated the neurotoxicity of bisphenol A [BPA; 2,2-bis-(4 hydroxyphenyl) propane] and the underlying mechanisms of action in mouse hippocampal HT-22 cells. BPA, known to be a xenoestrogen, is used in the production of water bottles, cans, and teeth suture materials. BPA-treated HT-22 cells showed lower cell viability than did(More)
The renin-angiotensin system has been implicated in the development of hypertension and damages several organs. The expressions of the components of a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the hypertensive rats differ from those of the normotensive rats. We hypothesized that local tissue-specific upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) in(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) is upregulated in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). We investigated whether expression of NKCC1 is epigenetically regulated during postnatal development of hypertension. METHODS The mesenteric arteries from 5-, 10-, and 18-week-old Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and SHRs were subjected to(More)
Activated microglia are thought to undergo apoptosis as a self-regulatory mechanism. To better understand molecular mechanisms of the microglial apoptosis, apoptosis-resistant variants of microglial cells were selected and characterized. The expression of lipocalin 2 (lcn2) was significantly down-regulated in the microglial cells that were resistant to(More)
The Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) is one of several transporters that have been implicated for development of hypertension since NKCC1 activity is elevated in hypertensive aorta and vascular contractions are inhibited by bumetanide, an inhibitor of NKCC1. We hypothesized that promoter hypomethylation upregulates the NKCC1 in spontaneously(More)
Isoflavones decrease blood pressure, improve lipid profiles, and restore vascular function. We hypothesized that isoflavone attenuates vascular contraction by inhibiting RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway. Rat aortic rings were denuded of endothelium, mounted in organ baths, and contracted with 11,9 epoxymethano-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (U46619), a(More)
Stress proteins have been implicated in pathological cardiovascular conditions. We hypothesized that a heat-shock response modulates contractility of vascular smooth muscles. Rat aortic ring preparations were mounted in organ baths, exposed to 42°C for 45 min, and subjected to contractions. Expression of HSP70 and phosphorylation of myosin light chain were(More)