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In the present study, we investigated the neurotoxicity of bisphenol A [BPA; 2,2-bis-(4 hydroxyphenyl) propane] and the underlying mechanisms of action in mouse hippocampal HT-22 cells. BPA, known to be a xenoestrogen, is used in the production of water bottles, cans, and teeth suture materials. BPA-treated HT-22 cells showed lower cell viability than did(More)
RATIONALE Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) results in attenuated development of hypertension in deoxycorticosterone acetate-induced hypertensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats. However, the molecular mechanism remains elusive. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that HDAC inhibition attenuates transcriptional activity of mineralocorticoid(More)
Hypoxia is an important biological signal that regulates a wide variety of physiological responses. At the same time, hypoxia is involved in multiple pathological situations. In particular, hypoxia is closely associated with neural injury in the brain. Hypoxia has been recently proposed as a neuroinflammatogen, as it can induce the inflammatory activation(More)
Isoflavones decrease blood pressure, improve lipid profiles, and restore vascular function. We hypothesized that isoflavone attenuates vascular contraction by inhibiting RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway. Rat aortic rings were denuded of endothelium, mounted in organ baths, and contracted with 11,9 epoxymethano-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (U46619), a(More)
The renin-angiotensin system has been implicated in the development of hypertension and damages several organs. The expressions of the components of a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the hypertensive rats differ from those of the normotensive rats. We hypothesized that local tissue-specific upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) in(More)
We hypothesized that 17beta-estradiol attenuates vascular contraction through inhibition of RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Rat aortic rings were contracted with cumulative addition of U46619, NaF, KCl or PDBu 30 min after pretreatment with 17beta-estradiol (10, 30, and 100 microM) or vehicle. We measured the amount of GTP RhoA and the level of phosphorylation of(More)
3′,4′-Dihydroxyflavonol (DiOHF) exerts endothelium-independent relaxation in rat aortic rings. In this study, we hypothesized that DiOHF reduces vascular contraction through Ca2+ desensitization in permeabilized third-order branches of rat mesenteric arteries. The third-order branches of rat mesenteric arteries were permeabilized with β-escin and subjected(More)
It was hypothesized that NaF induces calcium sensitization in Ca(2+)-controlled solution in permeabilized rat mesenteric arteries. Rat mesenteric arteries were permeabilized with beta-escin and subjected to tension measurement. NaF potentiated the concentration-response curves to Ca(2+) (decreased EC(50) and increased E(max)). Cumulative addition of NaF(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that flavone inhibits vascular contractions by decreasing the phosphorylation levelof the myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT1). In the present study, we hypothesized that flavone attenuates vascular contractions through the inhibition of the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Rat aortic rings were denuded of endothelium, mounted(More)