Inke S. Näthke

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Mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene are linked to polyp formation in familial and sporadic colon cancer, but the functions of the protein are not known. We show that APC protein localizes mainly to clusters of puncta near the ends of microtubules that extend into actively migrating regions of epithelial cell membranes. This subcellular(More)
Truncation mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli protein (APC) are responsible for familial polyposis, a form of inherited colon cancer. In addition to its role in mediating beta-catenin degradation in the Wnt signaling pathway, APC plays a role in regulating microtubules. This was suggested by its localization to the end of dynamic microtubules in(More)
Calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion is mediated by the cadherin family of cell adhesion proteins. Transduction of cadherin adhesion into cellular reorganization is regulated by cytosolic proteins, termed alpha-, beta-, and gamma-catenin (plakoglobin), that bind to the cytoplasmic domain of cadherins and link them to the cytoskeleton. Previous studies of(More)
Cadherins play important roles in cell-cell adhesion during tissue differentiation. Cadherins are linked to the actin cytoskeleton by catenins (beta-catenin/armadillo, plakoglobin, and alpha-catenin). Recent results show that beta-catenin also binds to another cytoskeletal complex containing the adenomatous polyposis coli protein and microtubules, and(More)
Mutations in the Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) gene are responsible for familial colon cancer and also occur in the early stages of sporadic colon cancer. APC functions in the Wnt signalling pathway to regulate the degradation of beta-catenin (reviewed in refs 1-3). APC also binds to and stabilizes microtubules in vivo and in vitro, localizes to clusters(More)
The importance of asymmetric divisions for stem cell function and maintenance is well established in the developing nervous system and the skin; however, its role in gut epithelium and its importance for tumorigenesis is still debated. We demonstrate alignment of mitotic spindles perpendicular to the apical surface specifically in the stem cell compartments(More)
The triskelion shape of the clathrin molecule enables it to form the polyhedral protein network that covers clathrin-coated pits and vesicles. Domains within the clathrin heavy chain that are responsible for maintaining triskelion shape and function were identified and localized. Sequences that mediate trimerization are distal to the carboxyl terminus and(More)
The cadherin/catenin complex plays important roles in cell adhesion, signal transduction, as well as the initiation and maintenance of structural and functional organization of cells and tissues. In the preceding study, we showed that the assembly of the cadherin/catenin complex is temporally regulated, and that novel combinations of catenin and cadherin(More)
The role of the 100-kDa polypeptide components of clathrin-coated vesicles in endocytosis was investigated by microinjection of specific monoclonal antibodies. Receptor-mediated uptake of transferrin and liposomes was quantitatively inhibited. These results show that the 100-kDa polypeptides are directly involved in localized clathrin assembly at the cell(More)
The Adenomatous Polyposis coli (APC) gene is mutated or lost in most colon cancers, and the APC protein has emerged as a multifunctional protein that is not only involved in the Wnt-regulated degradation of -catenin, but also regulates cytoskeletal proteins and thus plays a role in cell migration, cell adhesion, and mitosis. The gut epithelium is uniquely(More)