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Most common human traits and diseases have a polygenic pattern of inheritance: DNA sequence variants at many genetic loci influence the phenotype. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified more than 600 variants associated with human traits, but these typically explain small fractions of phenotypic variation, raising questions about the use of(More)
Plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides are among the most important risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and are targets for therapeutic intervention. We screened the genome for common variants associated with plasma lipids in >100,000 individuals of(More)
BACKGROUND Modern genotyping platforms permit a systematic search for inherited components of complex diseases. We performed a joint analysis of two genomewide association studies of coronary artery disease. METHODS We first identified chromosomal loci that were strongly associated with coronary artery disease in the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium(More)
Dyslexia is a complex disorder manifested by difficulties in learning to read and spell despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity. It is among the most common neurodevelopmental disorders with a prevalence of 5-12%. The dyslexia susceptibility locus 2 on chromosome 6p21-p22 is one of the best-replicated linkage(More)
We searched for linkage disequilibrium (LD) in 137 triads with dyslexia, using markers that span the most-replicated dyslexia susceptibility region on 6p21-p22, and found association between the disease and markers within the VMP/DCDC2/KAAG1 locus. Detailed refinement of the LD region, involving sequencing and genotyping of additional markers, showed(More)
BACKGROUND High plasma HDL cholesterol is associated with reduced risk of myocardial infarction, but whether this association is causal is unclear. Exploiting the fact that genotypes are randomly assigned at meiosis, are independent of non-genetic confounding, and are unmodified by disease processes, mendelian randomisation can be used to test the(More)
The authors report a German family with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia tightly linked to the spinocerebellar ataxia type 5 (SCA5) locus (multipoint lod score 5.76). The phenotype is characterized by a purely cerebellar syndrome with a downbeat nystagmus occurring prior to the development of other features. Imaging studies demonstrated cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Linkage and association studies in dyslexia suggest that a susceptibility locus exists on chromosome 15q15-q21. OBJECTIVE This study aims to evaluate these findings in an independent sample of dyslexia. METHODS We performed linkage and association analyses using 82 families with dyslexia and 19 STR markers covering the target region on(More)
Approaches exploiting trait distribution extremes may be used to identify loci associated with common traits, but it is unknown whether these loci are generalizable to the broader population. In a genome-wide search for loci associated with the upper versus the lower 5th percentiles of body mass index, height and waist-to-hip ratio, as well as clinical(More)