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Microorganisms, their cell filtrates, and live biomass have been utilized for synthesizing various gold nanoparticles. The shape, size, stability as well as the purity of the bio synthesized nanoparticles become very essential for application purpose. In the present study, gold nanoparticles have been synthesized from the supernatant, live cell filtrate,(More)
The present review has been focused largely on the sex type differences in beef quality among heifers, cows, steers and bulls in various feeding environments. Genetic groups, feeding systems and gender are the major factors that change carcass characteristics and fatty acid profiles of cattle. Studies identified that heifer beef has super characteristics in(More)
ZnO nanostructures of diverse shape were grown via a solution process with different precursors and conditions. Morphological investigation of the nanostructures was carried out using field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission microscopy observations and revealed that the nanostructures exhibit a wurtzite phase with an ideal lattice fringe(More)
Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a clinical syndrome that is characterized by hyperglycemia due to deficiency of insulin. The global prevalence of diabetes has been estimated to increase from 4% (1995) to 5.4% by the year 2025. Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM/Type-1) in human, generating hyperglycemia due to insulin deficiency as a consequence(More)
Animal cell culture is a highly complex process, in which cells are grown under specific conditions. The growth and development of these cells is a highly unnatural process in vitro condition. Cells are removed from animal tissues and artificially cultured in various culture vessels. Vitamins, minerals, and serum growth factors are supplied to maintain cell(More)
The present study was carried out to understand the co-culture effect of C2C12 and 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells on calpain, caspase, and heat shock protein (Hsp) systems. Calpains, caspases, and heat shock proteins play critical roles in the growth and development of mammalian cells. Cells were co-cultured using transwell inserts with a 0.4-μm porous membrane(More)
We report herein the synthesis and characterization of copper oxide quantum dots and their cytotoxic impact on mouse C2C12 cells. The utilized CuO quantum dots were prepared by the one-pot wet chemical method using copper acetate and hexamethylenetetramine as precursors. The physicochemical characterization of the synthesized CuO quantum dots was carried(More)
The well-crystallized ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple and facile soft chemical approach, and their induction of oxidative stress in Cloudman S91 melanoma cancer cells was studied. The ZnO nanoparticles were characterized for their morphology, structure, and optical properties. The ZnO nanoparticles with the average size of approximately 10 nm(More)
Nanoscale gold particles (Au-NPs) with a diameter below 20nm are notably important candidates for various important applications because of their extraordinary quantum size effects. Their high surface area-to-volume ratio facilitates their very high reactivities; therefore, they can be utilised in different ways in biomedical applications. For example,(More)
This study was aimed at the synthesis and characterization of novel Titania nanorods by sol-gel electrospinning technique. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized nanorods were determined by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray(More)