Ingvild Sørum Leikfoss

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OBJECTIVE Determine whether MS-specific DNA methylation profiles can be identified in whole blood or purified immune cells from untreated MS patients. METHODS Whole blood, CD4+ and CD8+ T cell DNA from 16 female, treatment naïve MS patients and 14 matched controls was profiled using the HumanMethylation450K BeadChip. Genotype data were used to assess(More)
Genome-wide association studies have revealed that the 16p13 chromosomal region, including CLEC16A, DEXI, CIITA and SOCS1, is associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. As non-coding single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may confer susceptibility to disease by affecting expression of nearby genes, we examined whether autoimmune-associated(More)
Serum half-life of IgG is controlled by the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) that interacts with the IgG Fc region and may be increased or decreased as a function of altered FcRn binding. Preclinical evaluations of modified IgGs are frequently carried out in mice, but such IgGs may bind differently to mouse and human FcRn (mFcRn and hFcRn). Here, we report a(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system that develops in genetically susceptible individuals. The majority of the MS-associated gene variants are located in genetic regions with importance for T-cell differentiation. Vitamin D is a potent immunomodulator, and vitamin D deficiency has been suggested to(More)
For multiple sclerosis, genome wide association studies and follow up studies have identified susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms located in or near CLEC16A at chromosome 16p13.13, encompassing among others CIITA, DEXI and SOCS1 in addition to CLEC16A. These genetic variants are located in intronic or intergenic regions and display strong linkage(More)
We have explored the beneficial effects of retinoic acid (RA) on B cells from multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. When co-stimulated via the toll-like receptors (TLRs) TLR9 and RP105, MS B cells secreted less of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) compared to B cells from healthy controls. Importantly, RA enhanced the secretion of IL-10 by(More)
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