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The metabolism of arachidonic acid by the cyclooxygenase (COX) or lipoxygenase (LO) pathways generates eicosanoids that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of human diseases, including cancer. In this study, we examined the expression and significance of components within the 5-LO pathway in human neuroblastoma, an embryonal tumor of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) 1-4 are lactate transporters crucial for cancers cells adaption to upregulated glycolysis. Herein, we aimed to explore their prognostic impact on disease-specific survival (DSS) in both cancer and tumor stromal cells in NSCLC. METHODS Tissue micro arrays (TMAs) were constructed, representing both cancer and(More)
Neuroblastoma is the single most common and deadly tumor of childhood and is often associated with therapy resistance. Cyclooxygenases (COXs) catalyze the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. COX-2 is up-regulated in several adult epithelial cancers and is linked to proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. We detected COX-2 expression in(More)
The enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is frequently overexpressed in cancer cells and tissues and has significant utility as a cancer marker. Significant heterogeneity of the enzyme has been described due to both transcriptional and post-translational variations. For possible use in diagnosis and follow-up of patients with colorectal cancer, a search(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is produced by immune cells and by mediating apoptosis, TRAIL plays an important role in tumor surveillance. TRAIL binds four different membrane-bound receptors: DR4, DR5, DcR1, and DcR2. The DR4- and DR5-receptors mediate apoptosis, whereas the others do not. We demonstrated by reverse(More)
A bioartificial liver (BAL) will bridge patients with acute liver failure (ALF) to either spontaneous regeneration or liver transplantation. The nitrogen metabolism is important in ALF, and the metabolism of nonparenchymal liver cells (NPCs) is poorly understood. The scope of this study was to investigate whether cocultivation of hepatocytes with NPCs would(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family of cytokines, acts on responsive cells via binding to a cell surface receptor called Fn14. TWEAK binding to an Fn14 receptor or constitutive Fn14 overexpression has been shown to activate nuclear factor κB signaling which is important in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Bacterial DNA and synthetic oligonucleotides containing unmethylated motifs have become the focus of many studies due to their ability to activate cells of the innate immune system through interaction with Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9). This study was undertaken to investigate if and how CpG-oligonucleotides (CpGs) activate liver sinusoidal(More)
The majority of high-risk neuroblastomas lack the expression of caspase-8 due to gene silencing which suggest a mechanism for the selection of tumour cells that are refractory to multiple cytotoxic drugs including tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Inhibitors of DNA methyltransferases and IFN-gamma induce expression of(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COX) catalyse the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. COX-2 is upregulated in several adult epithelial cancers. In neuroblastoma it has been shown that the majority of primary tumours and cell lines express high levels of COX-2, whereas normal adrenal medullas from children do not express COX-2. Treatment of neuroblastoma(More)