Ingvard Wilhelmsen

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BACKGROUND Somatic comorbid symptoms might identify irritable bowel syndrome patients with different aetiologies and needs of treatment. AIMS To measure comorbid symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome in general practice, and to explore characteristics of patients with low, intermediate and high somatic comorbidity. METHODS Prospective study(More)
BACKGROUND The use of stress management psychotherapy is hypothesized to produce greater improvement in disease course and disease-specific quality of life (IBDQ) compared to usual medical care alone in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) showing high levels of stress (based on the Perceived Stress Questionnaire [PSQ]). METHODS(More)
Low vagal tone may represent a mediating mechanism for relationships between personality and symptoms of functional dyspepsia (FD) through a mechanism of antral hypomotility. Twenty-one patients with FD and seventeen healthy controls completed a series of personality tests before vagal and sympathetic activity, antral motility, and abdominal symptoms were(More)
OBJECTIVE Most individuals experiencing whiplash accidents recover rapidly. A considerable proportion, however, develop chronic symptoms. Psychological factors may slow recovery, possibly by increasing the likelihood of other symptoms being misattributed to, and amplified by the whiplash injury. We aimed to investigate how pre-injury mental and somatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the role of personality as a predictor of Short form-36 (SF-36) in distressed patients (perceived stress questionnaire, PSQ) with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty-four patients with CD and 55 with UC (age 18-60 years) who had relapsed in the previous 18 months, i.e. with an activity index(More)
BACKGROUND Medical students and other people with knowledge about health and disease are often thought to have more anxiety about their health than others. MATERIAL AND METHODS 80 medical students and 100 law students were asked to fill in a questionnaire designed to identify higher disease anxiety (Whiteley Index). A high total score on the Whiteley(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine whether Helicobacter pylori status can identify a specific subset of patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) and erosive prepyloric changes (EPC). METHODS Anamnestic, somatic, and psychologic data were collected from 87 patients with functional dyspepsia and 77 normal control persons. Presence of H. pylori(More)
Effects of acute mental stress on gastric antral motility were investigated in 23 healthy persons and 25 patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Real-time ultrasonography of gastric antrum was recorded, after ingestion of 500 ml meat soup, during a 4-min resting period, 2.5 min of mental stress, and a 4-min recovery period. Amplitude of antral contractions(More)
Patients with functional dyspepsia were assigned at random to cognitive psychotherapy (10 sessions of 50 min duration, n = 50) or to a control group (no treatment, n = 50). Before treatment all patients were assessed on psychological, somatic and lifestyle factors. If allocated to the therapy group all patients were also asked to define the main problems(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to compare relapse rates and quality of life before and after eradication of Helicobacter pylori in a group of patients with documented recurrent duodenal ulcer disease. METHODS Seventy-four patients with three endoscopically verified duodenal ulcers during the past 2 years received triple treatment consisting of(More)