Ingrid van de Pol

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A sensitive and specific PCR hybridization assay was developed for the simultaneous detection and identification of Ehrlichia and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. In separate assays the 16S rRNA gene of Ehrlichia species and the 23S-5S rRNA spacer region of B. burgdorferi sensu lato were amplified and labeled by PCR. These PCR products were used in a(More)
The presence and distribution of Ehrlichia spp. and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato was demonstrated among ixodid ticks collected in the Baltic regions of Russia, where Lyme borreliosis is endemic. A total of 3,426 Ixodes ricinus and 1,267 Ixodes persulcatus specimens were collected, and dark-field microscopy showed that 265 (11.5%) I. ricinus and 333(More)
We report the results of a study of the prevalence of Ehrlichia and Borrelia species in 341 questing Ixodes ricinus ticks from two locations in southern Norway. The prevalences of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Ehrlichia spp. were, respectively, 16 and 11.5% at site 1 and 17 and 6% at site 2. Prevalence and species composition of Borrelia and Ehrlichia(More)
Five-month-old lambs were experimentally infected with two 16S rRNA genetic variants of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, variants 1 (GenBank accession no. M73220) and 2 (GenBank accession no. AF336220). Additional sequencing of the groESL heat shock operon gene indicated that these variants differ in three nucleotides at positions 782, 824, and 890. The variants(More)
Tissues from Dutch family dogs symptomatic for borreliosis according to established criteria and from infected but asymptomatic dogs were tested for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato DNA using a polymerase chain reaction. Subsequently, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, B. afzelii, and B. valaisiana were identified by hybridization. Symptomatic dogs(More)
A total of 41 blood samples were collected from 40 Anaplasma phagocytophila-infected sheep in 11 sheep flocks from four different counties of southern Norway. The presence and nature of the Anaplasma species were identified by microscopic detection of morulae, PCR, reverse line blot hybridization, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. A. phagocytophila was(More)
A case of granulocytic ehrlichiosis in a moose calf (Alces alces) in Norway is described. The animal was heavily infested with ticks (Ixodes ricinus), and died from a Klebsiella pneumoniae septicemia. Examination of blood smears from the calf revealed cytoplasmic inclusions (morulae) typical of infection with Ehrlichia phagocytophila in the granulocytes.(More)
Recently, there has been an increase in The Netherlands in the number of cases of invasive disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib). To study a possible change in the Hib population that could explain the rise in incidence, a multiple-locus variable number tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) was developed to genotype H. influenzae isolates. The(More)
We identified many variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) loci in the genomes of Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, and C and utilized a number of these loci to develop a multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). Eighty-five N. meningitidis serogroup B and C isolates obtained from Dutch patients with invasive meningococcal disease and(More)
The introduction of nationwide pneumococcal vaccination may lead to serotype replacement and the emergence of new variants that have expanded their genetic repertoire through recombination. To monitor alterations in the pneumococcal population structure, we have developed and utilized Capsular Sequence Typing (CST) in addition to Multiple-Locus Variable(More)