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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Epitheliocystis, caused by bacteria infecting gill epithelial cells in fish, is common among a large range of fish species in both fresh- and seawater. The aquaculture industry considers epitheliocystis an important problem. It affects the welfare of the fish and the resulting gill disease may lead to mortalities. In a culture(More)
In teleost fish, the head kidney, thymus, and spleen are generally regarded as important immune organs. In this study, the ontogeny of these organs was studied in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus), larvae at various stages of development. We observed that the kidney was present at hatching, the thymus at 33days post hatch (dph), while the spleen(More)
Fish nodaviruses (betanodaviruses) are small, non-enveloped icosahedral single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses that can cause viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) in a number of cultured marine teleost species, including Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). A recombinant protein vaccine and a DNA vaccine were produced, based on the same(More)
The immune system of Atlantic halibut is relatively undeveloped at the time of hatching, and thus larvae are vulnerable to bacterial and viral diseases that can result in high mortalities. To enable establishment of effective prophylactic measures, it is important to know when the adaptive immune system is developed. This depends on both B- and T-cell(More)
The transcript levels of viral RNAs, selected T-cell marker and cytokine genes, toll like receptor (TLR) 7, and two interferon stimulated genes (ISG) were analysed in sexually immature adult Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) experimentally infected with nodavirus. The expression of the T-cell markers, TLR7 and the cytokine genes was further(More)
Pancreas disease (PD), caused by salmonid alphavirus (SAV), is an important disease affecting salmonid aquaculture. It has been speculated that Atlantic salmon post-smolts are more prone to infections in the first few weeks following seawater- transfer. After this period of seawater acclimatization, the post-smolts are more robust and better able to resist(More)
Farming of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua is one of the most rapidly growing sectors of Norwegian aquaculture. Classical vibriosis caused by Vibrio anguillarum is a problem in cod aquaculture. To prevent disease outbreaks, a thorough understanding of the infection route and the impact of the bacteria on the host is important. The intestinal tract, skin and gills(More)
Salmonid alphavirus subtype 3 (SAV3) causes pancreas disease (PD) and adversely affects salmonid aquaculture in Europe. A better understanding of disease transmission is currently needed in order to manage PD outbreaks. Here, we demonstrate the relationship between viral dose and the outcome of SAV3 infection in Atlantic salmon post-smolts using a bath(More)
In intensive aquaculture systems, high mortalities are frequently observed during the early life stages of marine fish. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the susceptibility of turbot Scophthalmus maximus, halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus and cod Gadus morhua to various strains of Vibrio anguillarum (serotypes O1, O2alpha and O2beta),(More)
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